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Table 3 The positive rate of pathogens and other serological tests for diagnosis of cryptococcal meningitis (CM) and tuberculous meningitis (TBM) in HIV negative patients

From: Comparison of clinical features and prognostic factors in HIV-negative adults with cryptococcal meningitis and tuberculous meningitis: a retrospective study

Variables CM (N=126) Variables TBM (N=105)
India ink stain 98 (77.8%) TB smearing 5 (4.8%)
CSF fungal culture 100 (79.3%) TB DNA 59 (56.2%)
India ink stain & fungal culture 72 (57.1%) Mycobacterium tuberculosis culture 9 (8.6%)
CrAg 125 (99.2%) IGRA 94 (89.5%)
CrAg titer ≥1:1024 73 (57.9%) TST 62 (60.0%)
  1. CSF cerebrospinal fluid, CrAg cryptococcal antigen, TST tuberculin skin test, IGRA interferon gamma release assay