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Table 2 Univariable analysis of risk factors for T. solium cysticercosis in pigs at animal level

From: Risk factors, perceptions and practices associated with Taenia solium cysticercosis and its control in the smallholder pig production systems in Uganda: a cross-sectional survey

Factor Number of pigs Seropositive pigs (%) p-value Odds (95% CI)
Pig category
 Weanera 455 60(13.2) - -
 Gilt 25 2(8) 0.457 0.572 (0.132–2.490)
 Castrate 178 28(15.7) 0.406 1.229 (0.756–1.999)
 Boar 177 17(9.6) 0.218 0.699 (0.396–1.236)
 Sow 350 37(10.6) 0.259 0.778 (0.503–1.203)
At least grazed on pasture
 Yes 786 101(12.8) 0.611 0.899 (0.597–1.355)
 Noa 299 35(11.7) - -
Husbandry systems
 Intensivea 501 59(11.8) - -
 Free range 13 1(7.7) 0.354 0.709 (0.342–1.469)
 Tethering 577 75(13) 0.544 0.893 (0.621–1.286)
Breed type
 Locala 195 26(13.3) - -
 Cross 733 104(14.2) 0.005 2.659 (1.349–5.243)
 Exotic 256 14(5.5) 0.000 2.858 (1.604–5.091)
Deworm pigs
 Yesa 797 102(12.8) - -
 No 388 42(10.9) 0.337 0.829 (0.566–1.215)
Source of pig
 Born on farma 326 42(13.2) - -
 Trader 758 89(11.7) 0.746 0.810 (0.227–2.898)
 NGO/NAADS 15 2(12.5) 0.782 0.821 (0.119–5.675)
 Gift 62 7(11.3) 0.591 0.710 (0.119–5.670)
 Boar pay 19 3(15.8) 0.604 0.679 (0.157–2.930)
  1. aReference variable