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Table 2 Baseline clinical information of HIV positive patients in public health facilities of Addis Ababa, during 2007-June 2012

From: Effectiveness of isoniazid preventative therapy in reducing incidence of active tuberculosis among people living with HIV/AIDS in public health facilities of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a historical cohort study

Baseline Clinical status (N = 2524) IPT Exposed
N (%)
IPT Non-exposed
N (%)
Total
N (%)
Chi-square
P value
Initial WHO stage of HIV/AIDS
 Stage 1 357(28.2) 215(17.1) 572(22.7) 0.000
 Stage 2 487(38.5) 346(27.5) 833(33)  
 Stage 3 392(31) 580(46) 972(38.5)  
 Stage 4 28(2.3) 119(9.4) 147(5.8)  
Baseline CD4cells count/μl(mean = 230, SD = 176.9)
 ≤200 570(45.1) 807(64) 1377(54.6) 0.000
 >200 694(54.9) 453(36) 1147(45.4)  
Initial body weight in Kg (mean = 53.8, SD = 9.7)
 <50 304(24.1) 554(43.8) 858(34) 0.009
 50–59 628(49.7) 418(33.1) 1046(41.4)  
 60–69 208(16.5) 214(17) 422(16.7)  
 >69 124(9.8) 74(5.9) 198(7.8)  
TB screeneda
 Positive 0 40(3.2) 40(1.6)  
 Negative 1264(100) 1220(96.8) 2484(98.4)  
 On CPT
 Yes 1259(99.6) 1205(95.6) 2464(97.6) 0.000
 No 5(0.4) 55(4.4) 60(2.4)  
OIs diagnosed
 None 1082(85.6) 907(71.9) 1989(78.8) 0.000
 Bacterial infections 11(0.87) 164(13) 175(6.9)  
 Viral infections 25(0.08) 88(6.9) 113(4.5)  
 Fungal infections 38(3) 129(10.2) 167(6.6)  
 Viral & bacterial infections 20(1.6) 13(1.03) 33(1.3)  
 Bacterial & fungal infections 11(0.87) 8(0.63) 19(0.8)  
 Fungal & viral infections 8(0.6) 12(0.95) 20(0.8)  
  1. aA patient is TB positive, if he/she has at least two of these signs/symptoms: Weight loss greater than or equal to 5% of the initial weight, coughing for 2 weeks, night sweat, night-mar, Loss of appetite