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Table 1 Patient characteristics in REF, ABROAD and ICU

From: Prevalence of multidrug-resistant organisms in refugee patients, medical tourists and domestic patients admitted to a German university hospital

  REF ABROAD ICU
number of patients 117 84 495
mean age; standard deviation (years) 19; 14.7 54; 24.0 66; 14.4
male (n; %; 95%CI) 85; 72.7; 63.6-80.5 59; 70.2; 59.3-79.7 341; 68.9; 64.6-72.9
COO a / admitted from (n; %)
Afghanistan 30; 25.6 1; 1.2 residents without
refugee history or
pre-treatment abroad
Syria 29; 24.8 -
Somalia 8; 6.8 3; 3.6
Algeria 7; 5.9 1; 1.2
Iraq 5; 4.3 1; 1.2
Pakistan 5; 4.3 -
Eritrea 5; 4.3 2; 2.4
Ethiopia 3; 2.6 3; 3.6
Turkey - 11; 13.1
Greek - 4; 4.8
Italy - 4; 4.8
Morocco - 4; 4.8
Nigeria - 4; 4.8
India - 3; 3.6
Iran - 3; 3.6
Kuwait - 3; 3.6
Croatia - 2; 2.4
Ghana - 2; 2.4
Hungary - 2; 2.4
Saudi-Arabia - 2; 2.4
Spain - 2; 2.4
Sri Lanka - 2; 2.4
Thailand - 2; 2.4
Egypt 2; 1.7 4; 4.8
Other 8; 6.8 b 19; 22.6 c
Unknown 15; 12.8 -
department patients admitted to (n; %; 95%CI)
intensive care unit - - 495; 100
Surgery 13; 11.1; 0.6-18.3 12; 14.3; 7.6-23.6 495; 100; 99.3-100
general / vascular 6; 5.1 1.9-10.8 4; 4.7; 1.3-11.7 153; 30.9; 26.8-35.2
thoracic - 2; 2.3; 0.2-8.3 273; 55.2; 50.7-59.6
traumatology 7; 5.9; 2.4-11.9 6; 7.1; 2.7-14.9 69; 13.9; 11.0-17.3
Internal medicine 20; 17.1; 10.8-25.2 39; 46.4; 35.5-57.6  
Infectious diseases 10; 8.5; 4.1-15.2 9; 10.7; 5.0-19.4 -
Gastroenterology 3; 2.6; 0.5-7.3 9; 10.7; 5.0-19.4
Pneumology 2; 1.7; 0.2-6.0 5; 5.9; 1.9-13.3
Hematology / Oncology - 9; 10.7; 5.0-19.4
Cardiology 3; 2.6; 0.5-7.3 7; 8.3; 3.4-16.4
Angiology 1; 0.9; 0.0-4.7 -
Rheumatology 1; 0.9; 0.0-4.7 -
Gynecology / Obstetrics 10; 8.5; 4.1-15.2 3; 3.6; 0.7-10.1 -
Urology 6; 5.1; 1.9-10.8 1; 1.2; 0.0-6.5
Pediatrics 44; 37.6; 28.8-47.0 8; 9.5; 4.2-17.9
Neurology 4; 3.4; 0.9-8.5 13; 15.5; 8.5-25.0
Psychiatrics 7; 5.9; 2.4-11.9 1; 1.2; 0.0-6.5
otherd 12; 10.3; 5.4-17.2 7; 8.3; 3.4-16.4
  1. (a) COO = country of origin; (b) = Albania, Iran, Jordan, Kosovo, Libya, Sudan, Tunisia, and Uganda with n = 1 each; (c) = Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Cuba, Cameroon, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Kazakhstan, Mozambique, Poland, Sudan, Taiwan, Togo, UK, USA, and Uzbekistan with n = 1 each; (d) = Ear-Nose-Throat (ENT), ophthalmology, orthopedics, and dermatology