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Table 1 Subgroup meta-analysis of HBV and HCV prevalence estimation in Ethiopia

From: Hepatitis viruses in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  Study parameters Subgroup Studies included Prevalence %(95% CI) I2% P-value
HBV Study population Community based 7 8.0 (5.9–10.7) 96.1 <0.001
Blood donors 6 8.4 (5.4–12.7) 95.4 <0.001
HIV co-infected 7 5.2 (3.7–7.4) 75.9 <0.001
Immigrants to Israel 5 11.0 (7.5–15.9) 79.0 0.001
Other groupsa 17 6.9 (5.6–8.5) 87.3 <0.001
Mean age groupb 14–29 8 7.1 (5.6–8.9) 85.3 <0.001
30–45 9 6.7 (5.6–8.1) 39.6 <0.001
Study year 1980–1989 9 9.4 (8.2–10.7) 74.5 <0.001
1990–1999 8 10.7(7.3–15.4) 94.3 <0.001
2000–2009 9 6.3 (5.1–7.9) 76.6 <0.001
2010–2015 16 5.7 (4.9–6.6) 63.4 <0.001
Geographical zone Central Ethiopia 13 6.4 (5.3–7.6) 81.3 <0.001
Northwest Ethiopia 17 8.2 (6.2–10.8) 93.7 <0.001
Other regionsc 12 7.7 (6.5–9.1) 82.6 <0.001
HCV Study population General populationd 16 2.4 (1.6–3.6) 90.4 <0.001
HIV co-infected 8 5.5 (3.8–7.8) 81.8 <0.001
Mean age group 19–29 6 2.3 (0.9–5.8) 96.6 <0.001
30–39 9 3.7 (2.4–5.8) 84.4 <0.001
Study year 1990–1999 3 2.0 (1.5–2.7) 0.00 <0.001
2000–2009 6 2.9 (1.4–5.9) 94.2 <0.001
2010–2015 15 3.7 (2.5–5.4) 88.2 <0.001
Geographical zone Central Ethiopia 6 3.5(2.0–6.0) 89.0 <0.001
Northwest Ethiopia 10 2.8(1.6–4.7) 87.8 <0.001
Other regionse 8 3.4(1.7–6.5) 94.8 <0.001
  1. aOther groups include: healthcare workers and medical waste handlers, out and inpatient department patients, street dwellers, pregnant women, diabetic patients, HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) centers clients and commercial sex workers. bIt considered for those studies which only reported mean age
  2. cIncludes: Nationwide studies (n = 3), North (n = 1), North east (n = 2), South east (n = 5) and South west (n = 1). dIt includes: Community based studies, blood donors, HIV co-infected and immigrants. eone, three, one, and three studies were from nationwide, north, northeast and southwest Ethiopia, respectively
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