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Table 3 Potential ways to address barriers encountered in accessing ART

From: ART access-related barriers faced by HIV-positive persons linked to care in southern Ghana: a mixed method study

Barrier Possible way(s) to address barrier
Delay before care is received - Establish more ART centres
- Train more caregivers
- Institute an individualised booking system so ART clients can choose different days to receive care
Long distance to treatment centres - Establish more ART centres
- Implement occasional outreach programmes to care for ART clients
- Institute travel costs reimbursement schemes
- Create family, community, and peer support groups
Financial challenges - Establish targeted social and economic safety net interventions for HIV+ persons e.g. conditional cash transfer programmes
- Include HIV+ persons, especially ART clients in LEAP programme
- Create family, community, and peer support groups
- Institute free/subsidised nutrition supplementation interventions
- Institute travel costs reimbursement schemes
Shortage of drugs and other commodities - Allocate more financial resources, especially financial resources to ART
- Prevent wastage in the use of drugs and other commodities
- Reduce inefficiencies in management and use of medicines
Fear of side effects - Educate ART client on how to properly administer medications
- Educate ART clients on possible side effects of different treatment regimens and how to minimise potential side effects
Stigmatisation - Educate public on HIV/AIDS using both print and electronic media, including social media
- Institute anti-stigma interventions using community based and led strategies