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Table 6 Multivariate analysis of independent risk factors

From: Comparison of gram-negative and gram-positive hematogenous pyogenic spondylodiscitis: clinical characteristics and outcomes of treatment

Risk factor for GNB-HPS p value OR (95% CI)
Age 0.479  
Symptoms at the initial visit 0.038*  
Constitutional symptoms only/Back pain only 0.011* 9 (2.8–2666)
Malignancy 0.018* 57 (2–1563)
UTI 0.122  
Risk factor for GPC-HPS
 Epidural abscess 0.027* 18 (1.4–250)
  1. *The difference is significant (p < 0.05)