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Table 2 Comparisons made in RCTs on the outcome of infection

From: Antibiotics and antiseptics for preventing infection in people receiving revision total hip and knee prostheses: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials

Number patients
Study Comparison Outcome Revision THA Revision THA
Chiu 2009 Antibiotic impregnated bone cement vs. none Infection >8 year follow-up 183 0
DeBenedictis 1984 1st vs. 2nd generation cephalosporin Infection 12 months   1
Mauerhan 1994 1st vs. 2nd generation cephalosporin Infection 12 months 62 132
Jacobson 2005 DuraPrep plus Ioban drape vs. povidone iodine antiseptic 30 day infection 11 9
Phillips 2014 5 day pre-op mupirocin nasal nare application vs. 2 hour pre-op povidone iodine antiseptic 3 month infection 48 64
Total    304 206