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Table 1 The baseline characteristics of the patients

From: Predictive factors for unfavorable outcomes of tuberculous pericarditis in human immunodeficiency virus–uninfected patients in an intermediate tuberculosis burden country

Characteristic Favorable (n = 43) Unfavorable (n = 44) P-value
Age (years) 66.5 ± 18.2 67.1 ± 15.5 .873a
Male, n (%) 15 (34.9) 25 (56.8) .040b
BMI 22.8 ± 4.9 22.9 ± 3.2 .871a
Underlying diseases, yes (%)
 Solid cancer 2 (4.7) 4 (9.1) .676b
 Hematologic malignancy 0 (0.0) 3 (6.8) .241b
 Hypothyroidism 0 (0.0) 2 (4.5) .504b
 Cardiovascular disease 24 (55.8) 15 (34.1) .042b
 Old tuberculosis 6 (14.0) 8 (18.2) .592b
 Chronic renal disease 4 (9.3) 1 (2.3) .202b
 Chronic liver disease 0 (0.0) 3 (6.8) .241b
 Chronic lung disease 3 (7.0) 5 (11.4) .713b
 Autoimmune disease 1 (2.3) 4 (9.1) .360b
 DM 7 (16.3) 12 (27.3) .300b
Laboratory findings
 Leukocyte count (PE) 2456 (1020–3500) 1110 (225–3420) .205c
 ADA 63 (48–103) 85 (46–125) .228c
 Albumin, g/dL 3.6 ± 0.6 3.3 ± 0.7 .047a
 Hypoalbuminemia, n (%)e 7 (16.3) 17 (38.6) .020b
Symptoms
 Dyspnea 27 (62.8) 37 (84.1) .024b
 Chest pain 17 (39.5) 16 (36.4) .761b
 Fever 14 (32.6) 8 (18.2) .123b
 Palpitation 2 (4.7) 7 (15.9) .157b
 Duration, days 7 (5–21) 14 (7–28) .433c
PE amount    .023d
 Small 8 (18.6) 4 (9.1) .198b
 Moderate 12 (27.9) 5 (11.4) .062b
 Large 23 (53.5) 35 (79.5) .010b
Concomitant pulmonary tuberculosis 6 (14.0) 4 (9.1) .521b
Origin
 Lung 8 (18.6) 6 (13.6) .528b
 Reactivation and inapparent 35 (81.4) 38 (86.4)
Hospital stay, days 12.2 ± 11.0 14.3 ± 10.5 .348a
Antituberculosis medication
 Duration, months 6.4 ± 2.3 6.6 ± 3.3 .776a
Steroid
 Users, yes (%) 19 (44.2) 22 (50.0) .587b
 Duration, weeks 12.1 ± 7.4 11.6 ± 7.3 .808a
  1. Data are expressed as the mean ± standard deviation or number (percentage)
  2. BMI body mass index, DM diabetes mellitus, PE pericardial effusion, ADA adenosine deaminase
  3. aStudent’s t-test
  4. bPearson’s χ-test
  5. cMann–Whitney U-test, median (interquartile range)
  6. dLinear-by-linear association
  7. edefined as serum albumin concentration below 3.0 g/dL