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Table 1 Select WHO reform recommendations in the literature pre-EVD

From: The Ebola Outbreak: Catalyzing a “Shift” in Global Health Governance?

Governance proposal Description Citation(s)
Committee C Establishment of a new “Committee C” of WHA to debate major health initiatives and engage and coordinate across a broader array of global health stakeholders (including non-state actors.) Silberschmidt G, Matheson D, Kickbusch I. Creating a committee C of the World Health Assembly. Lancet. 2008 May 3; 371(9623):1483–6. [27]
World Health Forum Establishment of a new informal multistakeholder forum to engage non-state actors. This proposal was subsequently rejected by member states and also criticized by civil society actors Commentary: Hawkes N. Re: “Irrelevant” WHO outpaced by younger rivals. BMJ 2015; 343(aug09 1):d5012–2. WHO website: [28]
Splitting WHO Dividing WHO secretariat functions into two different technical and political stewardship entities, with collaboration in areas that overlap. Hoffman SJ, Rottingen J-A. Split WHO in two: strengthening political decision-making and securing independent scientific advice. Public Health 2014; 128(2):188–94. [6]
Revising WHO’s Constitution Revising WHO’s constitution to fill the gaps in global governance as part of WHO reform process and for broader democratization of the agency. Hoffman SJ, Rottingen J-A. Dark Sides of the Proposed Framework Convention on Global Health’s Many Virtues: A Systematic Review and Critical Analysis”. Health & Human Rights Journal 15(1): 117–134. [29]