Skip to main content

Table 2 Patients’ and health system’s delays of new PTB patients by background characterstics, West Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia

From: Patients’ and health system’s delays in the diagnosis and treatment of new pulmonary tuberculosis patients in West Gojjam Zone, Northwest Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Variables N Patients’ delay (days) Health system’s delay (days)
Median IQR P value Median IQR P value
Age (years)     < 0.001*    0.55
 15–24 197 15.0 7–29   20.0 5–69  
 25–44 291 17.0 7–31   21.0 5–81  
  ≥ 45 218 22.0 12–51   29.0 4–114  
Sex     0.33    0.95
 Male 423 17.0 8–30   22.0 4–95  
 Female 283 19.0 8–45   23.0 4–81  
Place of residence     0.001*    0.32
 Urban 271 15.0 7–30   19 4–76  
 Rural 435 20.0 9–45   25 4–100  
Educational level     < 0.001*    0.37
 Not literate 411 21.0 12–55   26.0 4–109  
 Literate 295 15.0 7–25   20.0 5–61  
Marital status     0.03*    0.58
 Married 386 20.0 10–35   22.0 4–95  
 Single 205 15.0 7–30   20.0 5–69  
 Divorced 73 21.0 8–60   32.0 5–124  
 Widowed 42 21.0 11–56   25.0 7–89  
Occupation     0.01*    0.71
 Civil servant 41 7.0 5–15   24 6–49  
 Housewife 39 21.0 7–60   7 3–27  
 Student 76 15.0 7–30   19 4–58  
 Farmer 327 20.0 9–40   26 4–113  
 Day laborer 82 20.0 14–31   24 4–77  
 Merchant 47 15.0 10–22   14 4–89  
 Others 94 16.0 7–36   27 7–94  
Monthly family income (Birr) a     0.35    0.22*
 1–400 109 20.0 11–31   8.0 3–56  
 401–800 84 19.0 11–62   22.0 5–78  
  ≥ 801 264 18.0 7–31   27.0 4–113  
 No regular income 249 16.0 7–36   24.0 4–73  
HIV sero-status     0.68    0.31
 Positive 82 20.0 11–45   22.0 5–86  
 Negative 616 18.0 8–33   22.0 4–88  
 Not known 8 16.0 7–29   74.0 8–320  
Time travelled to the nearest health facility     0.08    0.96
  ≤ 2 h 671 17.0 8–31   23 4–88  
  > 2 h 35 23.0 14–70   15 4–106  
Perceived to be stigmatized     0.47    0.70
 Yes 88 18.0 8–31   19.0 4–87  
 No 618 19.5 10–39   23.0 4–88  
knowledge about TB     < 0.001*    0.14
 Good 351 15.0 7–25   18.0 5–61  
 Poor 355 23.0 14–60   28.0 4–113  
Types of PTB     0.23    < 0.001*
 Smear-positive PTB 334 16.0 8–31   15 3–76  
 Smear-negative PTB 372 19.0 7–39   27 7–95  
First health care seeking action     < 0.001*    0.12
 Visited formal health providers 433 14 7–21   24 5–93  
 Visited non -formal health providers 223 60 24–116   15 4–86  
 Self-treatment using various remedies at home 50 21.5 15–60   27 4–85  
Type of formal health provider first visited     0.81    0.02*
 Private health facilities 280 20 8–31   15 4–70  
 Public health centers 342 15 7–37   31 5–97  
 Public hospitals 71 18 10–41   15 4–86  
 Health posts 13 15 8–30   29 10–203  
  1. Note: using non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis test to compare three or more groups and Mann–Whitney test to compare two groups * statistically significant. IQR inter quartile range, PTB pulmonary tuberculosis, HIV human immunodeficiency virus