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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of the study participants, West Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia

From: Patients’ and health system’s delays in the diagnosis and treatment of new pulmonary tuberculosis patients in West Gojjam Zone, Northwest Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Variables Number Percent (%)
Age (years)
 15–24 197 27.9
 25–44 291 41.2
  ≥ 45 218 30.9
Sex
 Male 423 59.9
 Female 283 40.1
Place of residence
 Urban 271 38.4
 Rural 435 61.6
Educational level
 Not literate 411 58.2
 Literate 295 41.8
Marital status
 Married 386 54.7
 Single 205 29.0
 Divorced 73 10.3
 Widowed 42 5.9
Occupation
 Civil servant 41 5.8
 Housewife 39 5.5
 Student 76 10.8
 Farmer 327 46.3
 Day laborer 82 11.6
 Merchant 47 6.7
 Others 94 13.3
Monthly family income (Birr) a
 1–400 109 15.4
 401–800 84 11.9
  ≥ 801 264 37.4
 No regular income 249 35.3
HIV sero-status
 Positive 82 11.6
 Negative 616 87.3
 Not known 8 1.1
Time travelled to arrive at the nearest health facility
  ≤ 2 h 671 95
  > 2 h 35 5
Perceived to be stigmatized
 Yes 88 12.5
 No 618 87.5
knowledge about TB
 Good 351 49.7
 Poor 355 50.3
Types of PTB
 Smear-positive PTB 334 47.3
 Smear-negative PTB 372 52.7
  1. a 1 USD = 22.00 Ethiopian Birr
  2. PTB pulmonary tuberculosis