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Table 2 Estimate of the hidden societal cost of antibiotic resistance (SCAR) attributable to each ambulatory antibiotic prescription in the U.S. arising from four cost components

From: The hidden societal cost of antibiotic resistance per antibiotic prescribed in the United States: an exploratory analysis

SCAR Component Cost Estimates
Base Case Range
#1: Hospitalization Cost $9 $1–$39
#2: Second-line Inpatient Antibiotic Cost $1 $0–$4
#3: Second-line Outpatient Antibiotic Cost $2 $2–$47
#4: Antibiotic Stewardship Cost $1 $0–$5
Total SCAR Attributable to Each Antibiotic Prescriptiona $13 $3–$95
  1. aSum of the four cost components above, rounded to nearest $US