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Table 2 Clinical treatment, test results, and adherence to IDSA guidelines for 103 adults with uncomplicated UTI

From: A single center observational study on emergency department clinician non-adherence to clinical practice guidelines for treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections

Characteristics Overall (n = 103) Pyelonephritis (n = 36) Cystitis (n = 67) P-value
% (95 % CI) % (95 % CI) % (95 % CI)
Provider
 Attending or PA 65.0 (55–74.2) 47.2 (30.4–64.5) 74.6 (62.5–84.5) 0.01
 Resident 35.0 (25.8–45) 52.8 (35.5–69.6) 25.4 (15.5–37.5)
Antibiotics prescribed
 Ciprofloxacin 59.2 (49.1–68.8) 47.2 (30.4–64.5) 65.7 (53.1–76.8) 0.09
 Nitrofurantoin 20.4 (13.1–29.5) 22.2 (10.1–39.2) 19.4 (10.8–30.9)
 TMP-SMX 18.4 (11.5–27.3) 25.0 (12.1–42.2) 14.9 (7.4–25.7)
 Other 1.9 (0.2–6.8) 5.6 0.7–18.7) 0.0 (0.0–5.4)
Urinalysis results
 Positive 76.7 (67.3–84.5) 72.2 (54.8–85.8) 79.1 (67.4–88.1) 0.43
 Negative 23.3 (15.5–32.7) 27.8 (14.2–45.2) 20.9 (11.9–32.6)
Culture results a
 Escherichia coli 60.6 (42.1–77.1) 50.0 (24.7–75.3) 70.6 (44–89.7) 0.23
 Other pathogen 39.4 (22.9–57.9) 50.0 (24.7–75.3) 29.4 (10.3–56)
Non-adherence to guidelines 63.1 (53.0–72.4) 63.9 (46.2–79.2) 62.7 (50–74.2) 0.90
  1. a Only includes cultures that had pathogen growth (n = 42)