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Table 1 Patient demographic and clinical characteristics of 103 adults treated for uncomplicated UTI

From: A single center observational study on emergency department clinician non-adherence to clinical practice guidelines for treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections

Characteristics Overall (n = 103) Pyelonephritis (n = 36) Cystitis (n = 67) P-value
% (95 % CI) % (95 % CI) % 95 % CI)
Race/ethnicity
 Black, non-Hispanic 51.5 (41.4–61.4) 55.6 (38.1–72.1) 49.3 (36.8–61.8) 0.74
 White, non-Hispanic 31.1 (22.3–40.9) 30.6 (16.3–48.1) 31.3 (20.6–43.8)
 Hispanic or other race 17.5 (10.7–26.2) 13.9 (4.7–29.5) 19.4 (10.8–30.9)
Age, y
 18–29 64.1 (54.0–73.3) 47.2 (30.4–64.5) 73.1 (60.9–83.2) <0.01
 30–39 25.2 (17.2–34.8) 44.4 (27.9–61.9) 14.9 (7.4–25.7)
 40+ 10.7 (5.5–18.3) 8.3 (1.8–22.5) 11.9 (5.3–22.2)
Clinical history
 Sexually active 83.5 (74.9–90.1) 77.8 (60.8–89.9) 86.6 (76.0–93.7) 0.25
 No recent history of UTI 38.8 (29.4–48.9) 36.1 (20.8–53.8) 40.3 (28.5–53.0) 0.68
Clinical symptoms
 Dysuria 78.6 (69.5–86.1) 75.0 (57.8–87.9) 80.6 (87.5–99.1) 0.51
 Frequent urination 83.5 (74.9–90.1) 83.3 (67.2–93.6) 83.6 (72.5–91.5) 0.97
 Decreased urine output 37.9 (28.5–48.0) 47.2 (30.4–64.5) 32.8 (21.8–45.4) 0.15
 Nausea/vomiting 20.4 (13.1–29.5) 36.1 (20.8–53.8) 11.9 (5.3–22.2) <0.01
 Vaginal discharge 13.6 (7.6–21.8) 11.1 (3.1–26.1) 14.9 (7.4–25.7) 0.59
 Abdominal pain 54.4 (44.3–64.2) 75.0 (57.8–87.9) 43.3 (31.2–56.0) <0.01
 Back pain 42.7 (33.0–52.8) 69.4 (51.9–83.7) 28.4 (18.0–40.7) <0.01
Onset of symptoms
 < 4 days 60.8 (50.6–70.3) 41.7 (25.5–59.2) 71.2 (58.7–81.7) 0.01
 4–7 days 29.4 (20.8–39.3) 41.7 (25.5–59.2) 22.7 (13.3–34.7)
 > 7 days 9.8 (4.8–17.3) 16.7 (6.4–32.8) 6.1 (1.7–14.8)
  1. P-Values that appear in bold are significant at p < 0.05