Skip to content


Open Access
Open Peer Review

This article has Open Peer Review reports available.

How does Open Peer Review work?

Epidemiology and outcome of Clostridium difficile infections in patients hospitalized in Internal Medicine: findings from the nationwide FADOI-PRACTICE study

  • Giorgio Cioni1,
  • Pierluigi Viale2,
  • Stefania Frasson3,
  • Francesco Cipollini4,
  • Francesco Menichetti5,
  • Nicola Petrosillo6,
  • Sergio Brunati7,
  • Patrizia Spigaglia8,
  • Chiara Vismara9,
  • Alessandra Bielli9,
  • Fabrizio Barbanti8,
  • Giancarlo Landini10,
  • Grazia Panigada11,
  • Gualberto Gussoni3Email author,
  • Erminio Bonizzoni12,
  • Giovanni Pietro Gesu9 and
  • for the Research Department of FADOI
BMC Infectious DiseasesBMC series – open, inclusive and trusted201616:656

Received: 26 June 2016

Accepted: 25 October 2016

Published: 8 November 2016

Back to article

Open Peer Review reports

Pre-publication versions of this article are available by contacting

Original Submission
26 Jun 2016 Submitted Original manuscript
Author responded Author comments
Reviewed Reviewer Report
Resubmission - Version 2
Submitted Manuscript version 2
Author responded Author comments
Resubmission - Version 3
Submitted Manuscript version 3
Author responded Author comments
Resubmission - Version 4
Submitted Manuscript version 4
25 Oct 2016 Editorially accepted
8 Nov 2016 Article published 10.1186/s12879-016-1961-9

How does Open Peer Review work?

Open peer review is a system where authors know who the reviewers are, and the reviewers know who the authors are. If the manuscript is accepted, the named reviewer reports are published alongside the article. Pre-publication versions of the article are available by contacting

You can find further information about the peer review system here.

Authors’ Affiliations

Department of Internal Medicine, Pavullo nel Frignano Hospital, Modena, Italy
Infectious Diseases Unit, Teaching Hospital “Policlinico S. Orsola Malpighi”, Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
Clinical Research Department, FADOI Foundation, Milan, Italy
Internal Medicine, Hospital “Vittorio Emanuele II”, Ascoli Piceno, Italy
Infectious Diseases Unit, University Hospital of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
2nd Infectious Diseases Division, National Institute for Infectious Diseases, “Lazzaro Spallanzani” IRCCS, Rome, Italy
Department of Internal Medicine, Abbiategrasso Hospital, Milan, Italy
Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immune-mediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy
Clinical Chemistry and Microbiology Laboratory, Niguarda Ca’ Granda Hospital, Milan, Italy
Department of Internal Medicine, “Santa Maria Nuova” Hospital, Florence, Italy
Department of Internal Medicine, “S.S. Cosma e Damiano” Hospital, Pistoia, Italy
Section of Medical Statistics and Biometry “GA Maccacaro”, Department of Clinical Science and Community, University of Milan, Milan, Italy