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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the children in the study by TB category

From: Respiratory microbes present in the nasopharynx of children hospitalised with suspected pulmonary tuberculosis in Cape Town, South Africa

Characteristics Total (n = 214) Definite-TB (n = 34) Unconfirmed-TB (n = 86) Unlikely-TB (n = 94) p-value
Age in months, median (IQR) 36 (19–66) 56 (23–109) 34 (15–63) 32 (17–63) 0.003
Sex: female, n (%) 109 (51) 14 (41) 45 (52) 50 (53) 0.03
HIV infection, n (%) 27 (13) 7 (21) 13 (15) 7 (7) 0.14
HIV WHO clinical staging, n (%)
 Stage 1 0 0 0 0 -
 Stage 2 0 0 0 0 -
 Stage 3 21 (10) 5 (15) 10 (12) 6 (6) 0.36
 Stage 4 6 (3) 2 (6) 3 (35) 1 (1) 0.48
Smoking: yes, n (%) 29 (14) 5 (15) 12 (14) 12 (13) 0.56
Night sweats: yes, n (%) 118 (55) 15 (44) 57 (66) 46 (49) 0.61
Fever: yes, n (%) 102 (48) 13 (38) 52 (60) 37 (39) 0.19
Malaise: yes, n (%) 62 (29) 14 (41) 30 (35) 18 (19) 0.88
Cough: yes, n (%) 165 (77) 27 (79) 67 (78) 71 (76) 0.61
Appetite loss: yes, n (%) 110 (51) 18 (53) 43 (50) 48 (51) 0.69
Weight loss: yes, n (%) 133 (62) 23 (68) 63 (73) 47 (50) 0.07
Vomiting: yes, n (%) 43 (20) 7 (21) 19 (22) 17 (18) 0.73
BMI, median (IQR) 16 (15–18) 15 (14–17) 15 (14–17) 16 (15–18) 0.26
Hypoxia, median (IQR) 99 (97–100) 98 (97–99) 99 (97–100) 100 (97–100) 0.63
Chest in drawing: yes, n (%) 20 (9) 5 (15) 10 (12) 5 (5) 0.08
Respiratory rate, median (IQR) 34 (31–40) 35 (30–40) 35 (30–40) 34 (32–40) 0.68