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Table 2 Clinical characteristics and consequences of AGE overall and in RV positive and RV negative

From: Multicenter prospective study on the burden of rotavirus gastroenteritis in children less than 3 years of age in Spain

  Total N = 456 n (%) RV + N = 201 n (%) RV – N = 253 n (%) p-value
Symptoms 24 h before the visit
Fever 229 (50.3) 123 (61.2) 105 (41.7) 0.001
Diarrhoea 424 (98.2) 193 (97.0) 247 (99.2) 0.147
Vomiting 249 (58.2) 132 (69.1) 116 (50.0) 0.001
Dehydration 59 (13.1) 40 (20.3) 19 (7.6) 0.001
Level of dehydrationb     0.05
 A 169 (86.0) 76 (80.9) 84 (91.3)
 B 12 (6.5) 10 (10.6) 2 (2.2)
 C 14 (7.5) 8 (8.5) 6 (6.5)
Hydration Treatment 255 (60.6) 129 (68.3) 125 (54.3) 0.004
Relatives with similar symptoms 131 (29.3) 63 (32.1) 68 (27.3) 0.267
VIKIA test (at the visit) 411 (93.2) 180 (93.3) 229 (93.1) 0.943
Patient referral 19 (4.2) 8 (4.0) 11 (4.4) 0.837
 Emergency department 6 (31.6) 1 (12.2) 5 (45.5) 0.177
 Hospital 7 (87.5) 6 (54.5)
Symptoms and severity of the current AGE episode
Fever 224 (54.1) 110 (60.1) 114 (49.8) 0.03
Diarrhoea 442 (96.9) 197 (98.0) 243 (96.0) 0.230
Vomiting 249 (55.6) 130 (65.0) 118 (48.0) 0.001
Level of dehydrationb     0.051
 A 302 (93.2) 138 (90.2) 162 (95.9)
 B 8 (2.5) 7 (4.6) 1 (0.6)
 C 14 (4.3) 8 (5.2) 6 (3.6)
Hospitalization 15 (5.0)a 10 (6.7)a 5 (3.3)a 0.007
Number of visits to the emergency department     0.006
 1 93 (25.9) 55 (33.1) 38 (19.8)
 2 21 (5.8) 11 (6.6) 9 (4.7)
  ≥ 3 4 (1.1) 3 (1.8) 1 (0.5)
Consequences of AGE
New relatives infected 157 (35.2) 95 (48.0) 62 (25.1) 0.001
Child cries more than usually 276 (61.3) 147 (73.5) 128 (51.4) 0.001
Child is distressed 303 (67.3) 153 (76.5) 149 (59.8) 0.001
Child plays less than usually 264 (59.1) 143 (71.9) 120 (48.6) 0.001
Child is more tired than usually 291 (64.7) 155 (77.5) 135 (54.2) 0.001
Level of worry of parents, mean (SD) 6.7 (2.29) 7.1 (2.10) 6.4 (2.38) 0.001
Sleep disturbances 394 (87.0) 182 (90.5) 210 (84.0) 0.040
Need of external aid 164 (36.4) 88 (44.2) 75 (30.1) 0.002
Alteration of working rhythm 135 (29.9) 78 (39.0) 57 (22.9) 0.001
Having loss of working days 95 (21.0) 50 (24.9) 45 (18.0) 0.075
Having income loss 63 (14.1) 32 (16.1) 31 (12.6) 0.295
Income loss, (euros), mean (SD) 115.1 (96.96) 141.6 (113.76) 89.5 (70.39) 0.108
Costs, (euros), mean (SD) 41.6 (33.6) 47.3 (38.2) 36.7 (28.3) 0.011
  1. SD standard deviation
  2. asome missing data (n = 300)
  3. bLevel of dehydration: A = No dehydration, B = some dehydration, C = severe dehydration