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Table 4 Knowledge concerning symptoms at birth (#4) and long-terms effects (#5) of cCMV infection

From: What people know about congenital CMV: an analysis of a large heterogeneous population through a web-based survey

  Gender (n = 3,215) Age (n = 2,840) a Education (n = 3,215) Parenthood (n = 3,215) Total
Female Male <24 years 25–40 year >40 year Undergraduates Bachelor graduates Masters graduates Non-parents Parents
Total of respondents (n.) 2,254 961 842 1,186 812 1,391 363 1,461 2,260 955 3,215
Symptoms of cCMV infection showed at birth (#4)
Right answers (%)  No symptoms 44.9 48.6 43.1 49.4 47.0 44.9 42.4 48.1 45.8 46.7 46.0
 Petechiae 35.7 37.3 37.9* 39.1 30.1 38.3 34.4 34.6 39.7* 27.6 36.1
 Prematurity/SGA 52.3 46.8 53.6* 55.2 42.9 51.8 49.9 49.8 52.6* 56.2 50.7
 Hearing Loss 56.3 51.3 56.1 61.1 46.1 55.8 53.2 54.4 56.4 51.2 54.8
 Convulsions 36.6 35.5 34.0* 41.6 30.2 37.3 33.3 35.9 39.0* 29.7 36.2
 Microcephaly 44.7 43.4 47.3* 50.8 32.8 46.3 41.3 43.1 47.9* 35.8 44.3
 Death 36.5 38.8 42.9* 41.7 25.1 40.9* 31.1 35.2 41.2* 27.6 37.2
Wrong answers (%)  Spina Bifida 6.7 9.5 10.6* 7.1 4.8 10.2* 8.0 4.9 8.6* 5.1 7.6
 Club Foot 4.0 4.1 5.7* 3.9 2.5 5.7* 2.8 2.7 4.5 2.8 4.0
 Harelip 6.1 4.9 9.1* 5.6 2.8 8.3* 6.3 3.1 6.7* 3.4 5.7
 Phocomelia 8.5 7.4 11.6 8.7 4.3 9.6 9.6 6.5 9.3* 5.5 8.2
 Cardiac defect 34.3 31.5 40.4* 37.9 22.4 37.0* 30.3 30.8 36.5* 26.2 33.4
Long-terms effects of cCMV infection (#5)
Right answers (%)  Psychomotor retardation 53.7 53.7 54.8* 58.9 47.5 55.6 54.8 51.5 55.7* 49.0 53.7
 Death 14.5 17.7 16.4 14.8 15.3 17.1 15.4 13.8 16.5 12.9 15.4
 Blindness 43.7 41.2 45.1* 47.0 39.0 44.4 40.8 42.2 44.4 39.7 43.0
 Hearing Loss 57.8* 52.5 58.8* 61.8 48.3 58.2 55.4 54.4 58.3* 51.1 56.2
Wrong answers (%)  Obesity 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.4 0,9 1.4 0.6 0.9 0.4 0.8
 None of them 1.2 1.8 1.9 1.1 1.0 1.6 1.1 1.2 1.5 1.2 1.4
 Don’t know 29.2 31.2 24.7* 26.3 37.4 26.5* 30.6 32.9 27.7* 34.8 29.8
  1. a Information about the age of responders was provided by 2,840 out of 3,215 individuals. * p < 0.05