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Table 3 Risk factors associated with BHS colonization of throat in children on antibiotic prophylaxis for RHD

From: Throat culture positivity rate and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of beta-hemolytic streptococci in children on secondary prophylaxis for rheumatic heart disease

Risk factors Beta-hemolytic streptococci
Culture positive Culture negative P-value
Agea 5–9 (n = 55) 13 42 0.4303
10–15 (n = 172) 40 132
Sexa Male (n = 95) 26 69 0.2758
Female (n =137) 29 108
Residence Urban (n = 121) 27 94 0.6302
Rural (n = 112) 28 84
Family size <6 (n = 139) 32 107 0.7990
≥7 (n = 94) 23 71
Missing at least one prophylaxis within last 6 months Missing (n = 33) 16 17 0.0003
Not missing (n = 200) 39 161
Family history of pharyngitis Yes (n = 25) 5 20 0.7235
No (n = 203) 47 156
Family educational statusa Illiterate (n = 68) 18 50 0.4739
Literate (n = 163) 36 127
Uvulectomya Yes (n = 57) 16 41 0.3566
No (n = 159) 35 124
  1. aMissed values were excluded from analysis