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Table 1 Demographic and baseline clinical characteristics of patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

From: Erratum to: Clinical characteristics and outcomes of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis caused by Enterobacter species versus Escherichia coli: a matched case-control study

Variable Enterobacter SBP
(n = 32)
E. coli SBP
(n = 128)
P
Male sex 26 (81.3) 104 (81.3)  
Age, years (mean ± SD) 55 ± 10.9 55 ± 11.7  
SBP subtype    0.03
 Definite SBPa 26 (81.2) 78 (60.9)  
 Probable SBPb 6 (18.8) 50 (39.1)  
Place of acquisition    <0.001
 Community 12 (37.5) 98 (76.6)  
 Hospital 20 (62.5) 30 (23.4)  
Concomitant hepatocellular carcinoma 21 (65.6) 48 (37.5) 0.004
Causes of liver cirrhosis    0.79
 Hepatitis B virus 21 (65.6) 88 (68.8)  
 Hepatitis C virus 2 (6.2) 13 (10.2)  
 Alcoholism 6 (18.8) 19 (14.8)  
 Others 3 (9.4) 8 (6.2)  
Child-Pugh class    0.006
 A 1 (3.1) 0 (0)  
 B 10 (31.3) 17 (13.3)  
 C 21 (65.6) 111 (86.7)  
MELD score, median (IQR) 19 (15–24) 23 (18–29) 0.03
Underlying diseases    
 Diabetes mellitus 9 (28.1) 25 (19.5) 0.29
 Alcoholism 6 (18.8) 23 (18.0) 0.92
 Solid cancer (other than hepatoma) 3 (9.4) 4 (3.1) 0.14
 Chronic kidney disease 1 (3.1) 2 (1.6) 0.49
 Solid organ transplantation 1 (3.1) 0 (0) 0.20
Comorbid conditions    
 Transarterial chemoembolization (<30 days) 4 (12.5) 4 (3.1) 0.052
 Endoscopic intervention (≤30 days) 8 (25.0) 7 (5.5) 0.001
 Varix control 5 6  
 ERCP 3 1  
Systemic anticancer chemotherapy (≤30 days) 3 (9.4) 0 (0) 0.007
Prior hospitalization (≤90 days) 26 (81.2) 74 (57.8) 0.01
Prior antimicrobial therapy (<30 days) 19 (59.4) 36 (28.1) 0.001
  1. Values are n (%) unless otherwise indicated. MELD model for end-stage liver disease, IQR interquartile range
  2. ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
  3. aAscites culture was positive
  4. bAscites culture was negative, while blood culture was positive without any other primary focus