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Table 4 Factors associated with medical care seeking behavior of the adults with self-reported influenza like illness

From: Healthcare seeking behavior of patients with influenza like illness: comparison of the summer and winter influenza epidemics

Factors Univariate Multivariate
Raw OR 95 % CI p-value Adjusted OR 95 % CI p-value
Sex
 Male ref     ref    
 Female 1.49 0.95 2.35 0.085 2.49 1.44 4.32 0.001
Age group (years)         
 18–39 ref        
 40–59 1.46 0.88 2.41 0.144     
  ≥ 60 2.24 1.20 4.16 0.011     
Education     0.002     
 Tertiary or above ref        
 Secondary 0.76 0.44 1.30 0.312     
 Primary or below 2.20 1.14 4.23 0.019     
Symptoms
 Fever 3.22 1.24 8.40 0.017     
 Chills 1.01 0.52 1.97 0.967     
 Headache 0.91 0.58 1.43 0.687     
 Myalgia 0.57 0.34 0.96 0.033     
 Cough 1.96 1.23 3.11 0.004 2.32 1.34 4.05 0.003
 Shortness of breath 2.68 1.40 5.13 0.003 3.11 1.47 6.61 0.003
 Dizziness 1.25 0.77 2.04 0.363     
 Runny or stuffy nose 2.02 1.27 3.20 0.003 1.92 1.14 3.24 0.014
 Sore throat 1.52 0.97 2.39 0.069     
 Diarrhea 0.76 0.45 1.28 0.298     
 Low back pain 1.20 0.77 1.87 0.427     
Chronic disease
 Cardiovascular diseases 3.94 1.38 11.22 0.010     
 Chronic respiratory 2.053 1.01 4.19 0.048     
 Liver 0.24 0.06 1.00 0.050     
 Diabetes 2.23 0.96 5.13 0.061 2.51 1.01 6.22 0.047
Flu vaccination
 2014/2015 season 2.07 1.08 3.95 0.028     
 Every year in the past 3 years 2.12 1.06 4.21 0.033     
  1. Weighted data of adults with self-reported influenza like illness in two surveys were combined in this analysis. Variables in multivariate models were selected by using the forward stepwise method with the cut-off point of p-value =0.1