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Table 4 Predictors to whether a child received an appropriate antimalarial treatment

From: Caregivers’ treatment-seeking behaviors and predictors of whether a child received an appropriate antimalarial treatment: a household survey in rural Uganda

Survey questionsa Total respondents No. Bivariate analysis Multivariate analysis (binary logistics step-wise regression)
df χ2 p-value ɳ2 Step # Wald (X2) p-value OR 95 % CI % Accuracy of prediction
Receipt of an appropriate antimalarial in Butaleja (N = 424): 32 %
 Community Factors
  Is it easy to reach PHF 414 1 0.00 .969 0.000 -- -- NS -- -- --
 Child’s Personal Factors
  Age (≤4 months vs Olderb) 423 7 17.34 .015 0.041 4 6.19 .013 5.67 1.44-22.23 83.0
  Gender (Male vs Female) 423 1 0.34 .559 0.001 -- -- NS -- -- --
  Birth order 423 2 2.75 .253 0.007 -- -- NS -- -- --
 CGs' Knowledge About AMs
  Awareness gov’t policy recommends (ACT vs Other) 423 1 9.59 .002 0.023 -- -- NS -- -- --
  Which AMs cure the best (ACT vs Other) 423 1 17.55 <.000 0.042 -- -- NS -- -- --
  Given the choice, which AM would you select first (ACT vs Other) 423 1 34.60 <.000 0.082 3 8.35 .004 2.31 1.31-4.07 81.4
  Knowing when to start an AM after noticing fever (Within 24 h vs Longerb) 423 2 0.36 .834 0.001 -- -- NS -- -- --
  Is CG knowledgeable about ACT being available in the community (Y/N) 416 1 0.06 .805 0.000 -- -- NS -- -- --
 Child’s Disease Presentation
  Was child seen by a health professional (Y/N) 421 1 12.82 <.000 0.030 -- -- NS -- -- --
  Where was the child seen by the health professional (PHF vs Other) 423 1 21.45 <.000 0.051 -- -- NS -- -- --
 Practice/Management Factors
  Was medicine used for subsequent action (Y/N) 423 1 1.19 .275 0.003 -- -- NS -- -- --
  Where was AM (normally) obtained? (Regulated Outletsc vs Other) 423 1 24.25 <.000 0.057 1 71.94 <.000 14.99 8.02-28.02 71.8
  Were medicines kept in home over last 6 months for future use (Y/N) 416 1 2.74 .098 0.007 -- -- NS -- -- --
  Types of medicines kept as home remedy for future use on day of survey (ACT vs Other) 423 1 84.92 <.000 0.201 2 44.75 <.000 6.36 3.70-10.93 81.4
 CGs’ Personal & Demographic Factors
  Gender (Male vs Female) 419 1 4.12 .042 0.010 -- -- NS -- -- --
  Number of children ≤ 5 years (Only 1 vs Moreb) 423 5 2.81 .729 0.007 -- -- NS -- -- --
  1. aAbbreviations: antimalarial (AM), artemisinin combination therapy (ACT), caregiver (CG), government (Gov’t), public health facility (PHF), yes/no (Y/N)
  2. bFor logistic regression recoded into two categories
  3. cRegulated outlets: community health worker, PHF, regulated private outlets