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Table 3 Factors associated with acute bloody diarrhoea

From: Enteric pathogens and factors associated with acute bloody diarrhoea, Kenya

Factors Cases Controls Odds Ratio 95 % CI P-value
Yes
n (%)
No
n (%)
Yes
n (%)
No
n (%)
Main water source treated 79 (42.5) 107 (57.5) 183 (47.8) 200 (52.2) 0.807 0.871–1.764 0.235
Drinking water covered 222 (90.6) 23 (9.4) 470 (93.6) 32 (6.4) 0.657 0.376–1.149 0.139
Drinking water stored in super drum 29 (10.2) 255 (89.8) 90 (17.3) 431 (82.7) 0.545 .0349–0.851 0.007a
Drinking water stored separately 124 (49.8) 125 (50.2) 290 (57.9) 211 (42.1) 0.722 0.532–0.979 0.036a
Coliform in household water 44 (29.3) 106 (70.7) 40 (26.3) 112 (73.7) 0.341 0.702–1.924 0.341
Coliform in main water source 43 (31.4) 94 (68.6) 26 (18.8) 112 (81.2) 1.971 1.127–3.446 0.016a
Main water source protected 131 (78.0) 37 (22.0) 135 (86.5) 21 (13.5) 0.551 0.306–0.991 0.045a
Eating raw foods/vegetables 230 (91.6) 21 (8.6) 475 (94.2) 29 (5.8) 0.669 0.373–1.198 0.174
Always reheat food before eating 127 (55.5) 102 (44.5) 286 (59.5) 195 (40.5) 0.849 0.618–1.167 0.313
Eating from outside home 120 (48.6) 127 (51.4) 208 (41.8) 290 (58.2) 1.317 0.969–1.790 0.078
Toilet present in the compound 174 (69) 78 (31) 358 (71.9) 140 (28.1) 0.872 0.627–1.215 0.419
Toilet clean and covered 224 (78.6) 61 (21.4) 408 (78.5) 112 (21.5) 1.008 0.709–1.433 0.964
Always hand-wash after defecating 133 (53.6) 115 (46.4) 324 (65.2) 173 (34.8) 0.618 0.453–0.842 0.002a
Washed hands after last defecation 174 (74.7) 59 (25.3) 403 (86.3) 64 (13.7) 0.468 0.315–0.696 0.0001a
Always wash hands after disposing child’s stool 105 (56.8) 80 (43.2) 253 (65.4) 134 (34.6) 0.698 0.486–0.995 0.046a
Always washing hands before food preparation 119 (54.1) 101 (45.9) 256 (59.3) 176 (50.7) 0.81 0.584–1.124 0.207
Always washing hands before eating 219 (87.3) 32 (12.7) 441 (89.1) 54 (10.9) 0.838 0.526–1.336 0.457
Poor compound cleanliness 48 (19.2) 202 (80.8) 59 (12.1) 429 (87.9) 1.728 1.139–2.619 0.009a
Entered livestock pen past 2 weeks 31 (16.1) 162 (83.9) 63 (15.1) 353 (84.9) 1.072 0.671–1.713 0.771
Contact with livestock drinking water in the past 2 weeks 21 (10) 189 (90) 33 (7.4) 413 (92.6) 1.391 0.784–2.468 0.258
  1. aStatistically significant factors