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Table 3 Independent Predictors of T. gondii Seroprevalence among pregnant women attending ANC at Mizan-Aman General hospital, south west Ethiopia, 2015

From: Seroprevalence and risk factors of Toxoplasma gondii infection in pregnant women following antenatal care at Mizan Aman General Hospital, Bench Maji Zone (BMZ), Ethiopia

Variable IgG Positive (n) COR (95 % CI) AOR (95 % CI) P-value
Residence
 Urban 135 Ref. Ref. 0.421
 Rural 63 0.66 [0.28, 1.54] 1.52 [0.64, 3.62]
Occupation
 Housewives 129 Ref. Ref.  
 Employed 35 0.79 [0.31, 2.01] 0.78 [0.30, 2.02] 0.392
 Others 34 0.83 [0.25, 2.73] 0.72 [0.21, 2.43] 0.214
Ownership of cats
 No 142 Ref… Ref.  
 Yes 56 1.4 [0.180, 2.62] 0.89 [0.52, 2.29] 0.065
Contact with cat
 No 77 Ref Ref.  
 Yes 121 2.01 [1.48, 3.64] 2.37 [1.16, 3.57] 0.010*
Consumption of raw meat
 No 105 Ref. Ref  
 Yes 93 2.71 [1.23, 5.96] 2.03 [0.84, 4.93] 0.122
Age category
 16–20 70 Ref. Ref.  
 21–30 103 0.741 [0.31, 1.77] 0.26 [.69, 1.21] 0.242
  > 30 25 2.8 [1.08- 7.25] 0.98 [.11, 2.07] 0321
Education level
 Illiterate 48 Ref. Ref.  
 can read and write 40 1.20 [0.43, 3.31] 0.66 [0.15, 2.97] 0.642
 primary 36 1.77 [0.68, 4.67] 0.69 [0.18, 2.50] 0.283
 Secondary 46 0.23 [0.05, 1.13] 1.67 [0.51, 5.53] 0.261
 Tertiary 28 0.38 [0.08, 1.88] 3.3 [0.94, 11.78] 0.083
Contact with soil
 No 106 Ref. Ref.  
 Yes 92 1.32 [1.48, 3.16) 2.49 [1.53, 3.86) 0.002*
Stages of pregnancy
 1st trimester 56 Ref. Ref.  
 2nd trimester 100 0.61 [0.23, 1.62] 0.64 [0.24, 1.69] 0.284
 3rd trimester 42 0.54 [0.22, 1.27] 0.56 [0.23, 1.35] 0.453
Number of Gravida
 One 77 Ref. Ref.  
 More than one 121 0.64 [0.31, 1.32] 1.46 [0.69, 3.08] 0.122
  1. COR Crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, *Significant association (P < 0.05)