Skip to main content

Table 4 Descriptive characteristics of healthcare workers from Antananarivo, Madagascar, with respect to carriage of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)

From: Prevalence of nasal colonisation by methicillin-sensitive and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among healthcare workers and students in Madagascar

   Healthcare workersa (n = 863)
    S. aureus MRSA
Variables Total number (Nb) HCWc group (n)b n (%) p d n (%) p d
Previous hospitalisation 47 37 1 (2.7) 0.17* 0 1.0*
No previous hospitalisations 1479 816 89 (10.8)   14 (1.7)  
Previous antimicrobial usee 493 310 27 (8.7) 0.18 4 (1.3) 0.59*
No previous antimicrobial use 919 506 59 (11.7)   10 (2.0)  
Unknown 108      
Skin infection 214 121 15 (12.4) 0.47 3 (2.5) 0.44*
No skin infection 1300 724 74 (10.2)   11 (1.5)  
Chronic illnessf 119 68 9 (13.1) 0.44 0 0.62*
No chronic illness 1358 772 79 (10.2)   14 (1.8)  
Nursing at homeg 486 403 41 (10.2) 0.73 7 (1.7 0.84
No nursing at home 1025 449 49 (10.9)   7 (1.6)  
Living in dormatory 190 94 7 (7.5) 0.30 0 (1.1) 0.37*
Not living in dormatory 1306 757 82 (10.8)   14 (2.7)  
Contact with animals h 764 417 41 (9.8) 0.50 7 (1.7) 0.90
No contact with animals 784 446 50 (11.2)   7 (1.6)  
  1. a Includes all hospital employees: medical doctors, nurses, midwives, nursing students, medical and pharmacy students, interns, occasional workers, medical technologists, pharmacists, cleaning staff, and receptionists
  2. b For available data
  3. c Healthcare worker
  4. d Pearson’s χ2 test or * Fishers exact test
  5. eDuring the last 6 months
  6. f Chronic illness affecting the immune system
  7. g Nursing sick family members at home
  8. h Contact with pets and/or livestock such as cattle, poultry, pigs, sheep and goats