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Table 5 Results of mixed effects models pre-intervention year and intervention yeara

From: Behavioral interventions to reduce inappropriate antibiotic prescribing: a randomized pilot trial

  Year prior to the intervention Calendar quarter
  Odds Ratios (95 % confidence Intervals)
Antibiotic for non-antibiotic appropriate ARI diagnoses 6.34 (3.49–11.5)* 1.01 (0.90–1.14)
Antibiotic for potentially-antibiotic-appropriate ARI diagnoses 2.40 (1.69–3.42)* 1.11 (1.03–1.20)**
Antibiotic for other ARIs diagnoses or symptoms of interest 1.59 (1.10–2.29)*** 0.98 (0.90–1.06)
Antibiotic for all three combined 2.28 (1.83–2.83)* 1.03 (0.98–1.08)
  1. ARI acute respiratory infection
  2. * p < 0.001
  3. ** p <0.01
  4. ** p < 0.05
  5. aModels predicting antibiotic prescribing include a pre-intervention year variable and a continuous variable for calendar quarter as fixed effects, and clinician as random effects. Analyses are exploratory