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Table 3 Intervention effects on primary and secondary outcomes

From: Behavioral interventions to reduce inappropriate antibiotic prescribing: a randomized pilot trial

  Accountable justifications Suggested alternatives Peer comparisons Clinician’s prior year prescribing rate (per 10 % increase)
  Odd ratios (95 % confidence intervals) for antibiotic prescribing
Antibiotic for non-antibiotic appropriate ARI diagnoses (primary outcome) 0.98 (0.42–2.29) 0.68 (0.29–1.58) 0.45 (0.18–1.11) 1.57 (1.15–2.13)*
Antibiotic for potentially antibiotic appropriate ARI diagnoses 0.77 (0.42–1.41) 0.57 (0.31–1.05) 1.14 (0.59–2.19) 1.71 (1.23–2.36)*
Antibiotic for other ARIs diagnoses or symptoms of interest 1.29 (0.92–1.80) 0.62 (0.44–0.89)** 0.70 (0.48–1.02) 1.40 (1.25–1.57)**
Antibiotic for all three combined 1.05 (0.80–1.39) 0.72 (0.54–0.96)*** 0.73 (0.53–0.995)**** 1.64 (1.45–1.84)***
  1. ARI acute respiratory infection
  2. * p < .005
  3. ** p < .01
  4. *** p < .001
  5. **** p < 0.05