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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of studies reporting chronic HCV prevalence in Ghana

From: Epidemiology of hepatitis C virus in Ghana: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study No Author details Year of publication Design Region of study Study population Age group (yrs.) Setting Sample size (n) Method Anti-HCV (%) Quality grade
1 Acquaye and Tetteh-donkor. [29] 2000 Cross-sectional Greater Accra Blood donors n.s Urban 1300 ELISA 5.2 Medium
2 Adoba et al. [30] 2015 Cross-sectional Ashanti Barbers 28.18a urban 200 Rapid test 0.5 High
3 Adjei et al. [31] 2006 Cross-sectional Eastern & Greater Accra Prison inmates & Officers 17–84 Urban 363 ELISA 20.1 High
4 Adjei et al. [32] 2008 Cross-sectional National (Excludes Upper East & West) Prison Officers 38.1b Urban 445 ELISA 18.7 High
5 Allain et al. [33] 2009 Cross-sectional Ashanti Blood donors >16 Urban 51100 Rapid test 0.4 High
6 Allain et al. [34] 2010 Cross-sectional Ashanti Blood donors 31.0a Urban 11000 Rapid test 0.22 High
7 Amidu et al. [35] 2010 Cross-sectional Upper East Blood donors 17-58 Urban 4146 Rapid test 3.6 Medium
8 Ampofo et al. [17] 2002 Cross-sectional Greater Accra Blood donors 16-60 Urban 808 Agglutination assay 8.4 High
9 Apea-Kubi et al. [36] 2006 Cross-sectional Greater Accra Pregnant & non-pregnant women 29.6a Urban 517 Rapid test 5.2 High
10 Blankson et al. [37] 2005 Case-control Greater Accra Cirrhotic & non-cirrhotic patients 15–90 Urban 350 ELISA 4.3 High
11 Candotti et al. [38] 2001 Cross-sectional Ashanti Blood donors 32a Urban 2738 EIA 1.3 High
12 Candotti et al. [39] 2003 Cross-sectional Ashanti Blood donors 29a Urban 4984 EIA 1.3 Medium
13 Ephraim et al. [40] 2014 Cross-sectional Central Diabetics n.s Urban 110 Rapid test 0.0 Medium
14 Ephraim et al. [41] 2015 Cross-sectional Ashanti Pregnant women 10–40 Urban 168 Rapid test 7.7 Medium
15 King et al. [42] 2014 Cross-sectional Ashanti HIV+ individuals n.s Urban 408 Plasma assay 1.0 High
16 Kubio et al. [43] 2012 Register Review Northern Blood donors n.s Rural 819 n.s 6.1 Low
17 Lassey et al. [44] 2004 Cross-sectional Greater Accra Parturients n.s Urban 638 ELISA 2.5 Medium
18 Martinson et al. [45] 1996 Cross-sectional Ashanti Children 6–18 rural 803 n.s 5.4 Medium
19 Nkrumah et al. [46] 2011 Cross-sectional Ashanti Blood donors 26–35 Rural 2773 Rapid test 5.63 Medium
20 Owusu-Ofori et al. [47] 2005 Cross-sectional Ashanti Blood donors n.s Urban 9372 Rapid test 0.5 High
21 Sagoe et al. [48] 2012 Cross-sectional Greater Accra HIV+ individuals ≥18 Urban 138 Plasma assay 3.6 High
22 Sarkodie et al. [49] 2001 Cross-sectional Ashanti Blood donors 16–52 Urban 3264 Mixed methods 1.6 High
23 Walana et al. [50] 2014 Cross-sectional Brong-Ahafo Blood donors 20–49 Urban 3402 ICT 4.4 Medium
24 Wansbrough-Jones et al. [51] 1998 Cross-sectional Ashanti Pregnant women & blood donors 15–60 Urban 936 ELISA 2.8 High
  1. n.s not specified, ICT immunochromatography, ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, EIA enzyme immunoassays, anti-HCV hepatitis C antibody
  2. aaverage
  3. bmedian
  4. Blood donors is used to represent either voluntary or replacement donors or both