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Table 1 Demographic characteristics and source of the bacterial isolates

From: High prevalence of extended-spectrum ß-lactamase producing enterobacteriaceae among clinical isolates in Burkina Faso

  Outpatients (n = 150) Inpatients (n = 158)
Variable ESBL-positive ESBL-negative Odds Ratio (95 % CI) P-value ESBL-positive ESBL-negative Odds Ratio (95 % CI) P-value
  (n = 68) (n = 82)    (n = 111) (n = 47)   
Sex     <0.001     0.724
 F (n = 129) 16 48 1   47 18 1  
 M (n = 179) 52 34 4.59 (2.14–9.84)   64 29 0.85 (0.42–1.70)  
Source of isolates     0.019     0.139
 Urine sample (n–185) 59 60 1   48 18 1  
 Pus (n = 56) 06 07 0.87 (0.28–2.75)   32 11 1.09 (0.46–2.61)  
 Aspirate (n = 38) 02 03 0.68 (0.11–4.20)   24 09 1.00 (0.39–2.56)  
 Othera (n = 29) 01 12 0.08 (0.01–0.67)   07 09 0.29 (0.09–0.90)  
Age     <0.001     0.607
 ≤28 days 01 02 1   09 04 1  
 >28 days–1 year 01 08 0.20 (0.01–4.72)   07 04 0.78 (0.14–4.27)  
 >1–5 years 02 15 0.31 (0.02–5.19)   06 06 0.44 (0.09–2.28)  
 >5–15 years 04 07 1.14 (0.08–16.95)   30 12 1.11 (0.29–4.31)  
 >15–65 years 44 45 1.96 (0.17–22.35)   49 19 1.15 (0.32–4.17)  
 >65 years 16 05 6.40 (0.47–86.34)   10 02 2.22 (0.33–15.18)  
  1. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval, ESBL extended-spectrum beta-lactamase, F females, M males, n number
  2. aOther: stool, cerebrospinal fluid, blood samples and high vaginal swabs