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Table 4 Hazard ratio for all non malaria fevers with 0–12 months of follow up

From: Non-malaria fevers in a high malaria endemic area of Ghana

Risk factor   Unadjusted HR (95 % CI) p-value Adjusted HR (95 % CI) p-value
Household factors
Place of residence Urban - - - -
  Rural 1.26 (1.11, 1.42) <0.001 0.94 (0.78, 1.14) 0.519
Household size <5 - - - -
  5–9 1.06 (0.95, 1.18) 0.299 1.03 (0.92, 1.14) 0.632
  10+ 1.17 (0.97, 1.42) 0.098 1.10 (0.91, 1.32) 0.320
Socio-economic Least poor - - - -
status Less poor 1.31 (1.13, 1.54) 0.001 1.25 (1.07, 1.46) 0.005
  Poor 1.40 (1.18, 1.65) <0.001 1.22 (1.02, 1.46) 0.027
  More poor 1.59 (1.36, 1.86) <0.001 1.46 (1.23, 1.72) <0.001
  Very poor 1.36 (1.15, 1.60) <0.001 1.26 (1.05, 1.52) 0.012
Thatched roof No - - - -
  Yes 1.21 (1.08, 1.35) 0.001 1.10 (0.97, 1.24) 0.128
Animals in household No - - - -
  Yes 1.14 (1.02, 1.29) 0.023 1.06 (0.95, 1.19) 0.307
Distance from health <1 km - - - -
centre 1–4.9 km 0.83 (0.74, 0.94) 0.002 0.90 (0.76, 1.06) 0.204
  5–7.9 km 1.19 (1.02, 1.38) 0.025 1.19 (1.03, 1.37) 0.019
  ≥8 km 1.30 (1.09, 1.54) 0.003 1.20 (1.01, 1.43) 0.037
Maternal factors
Gravidity Primigravid - - - -
  Multigravid 0.94 (0.83, 1.07) 0.377 0.94 (0.82, 1.07) 0.367
Number of IPTp 0 - - - -
courses 1 1.16 (0.88, 1.53) 0.306 1.03 (0.77, 1.36) 0.862
  2 1.28 (1.00, 1.65) 0.055 1.11 (0.86, 1.44) 0.432
  3 1.43 (1.12, 1.81) 0.004 1.31 (1.03, 1.68) 0.030
Placental infection Uninfected - - - -
  Infected 1.04 (0.93, 1.15) 0.516 0.97 (0.87, 1.08) 0.584
Infant factors
Birth weight Normal - - - -
  Low birth weight 1.15 (0.97, 1.35) 0.100 1.22 (1.04, 1.42) 0.012
Sex Male - - - -
  Female 0.90 (0.81, 0.99) 0.033 0.87 (0.79, 0.96) 0.006
Season of birth Dec–Mar - - - -
  Apr–Nov 1.42 (1.26, 1.60) <0.001 1.39 (1.23, 1.56) <0.001
Bednet use High - - - -
  Medium 1.14 (1.01, 1.28) 0.032 1.16 (1.03, 1.30) 0.015
  Low 1.13 (1.00, 1.28) 0.053 1.15 (1.02, 1.31) 0.024