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Table 1 Summary of included studies

From: Smear positivity in paediatric and adult tuberculosis: systematic review and meta-analysis

   Data collection Design Number of Additional diagnostic methods
Name Location Start year End year Contact tracing? Children Adults Smear + children Smear + adults X-ray Culture Signs and symptoms Histopathology
Batra Pakistan 2008 2010 Children Only 121 1994 29 1089 Yes Unclear Yes Yes
Behera India 2002 2008 No 2549 25612 383 12984 Unclear Unclear Unclear Unclear
British Thoracic Association A United Kingdom 1973 1974 No 123 1114 30 214 Unclear Yes Unclear Yes
British Thoracic Association B United Kingdom 1973 1976 Yes 65 98 2 10 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Capewell United Kingdom 1977 1981 Yes 28 50 1 12 Yes Yes Unclear Unclear
Feldacker Malawi 2008 2010 No 338 10143 36 2704 Yes Unclear Yes Yes
Getahun Ethiopia 2004 2009 No 459 5991 58 1594 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Harries 1 Malawi 1998 1998 No 2739 20243 127 9335 Yes Unclear Yes Yes
Harries 2 Malawi 1986 1995 No 4691 14686 83 5609 Yes Unclear Yes Yes
Henegar Democratic Republic of Congo 2006 2007 No 830 5685 141 3736 No No Yes No
Hoa China, Cambodia, Vietnam 2003–2004 2004–2005 No 360 37272 111 24854 Unclear Unclear Unclear Unclear
Jackson-Sillah The Gambia 2002 2004 Yes 16 17 1 5 Yes Yes Yes Unclear
Khazaei Iran 1998 2002 No 163 2442 18 1329 Yes Unclear Yes Yes
Lienhardt Senegal 2004 2006 Yes 6 46 4 30 Yes Yes Yes Unclear
Lopez Angola 2009 2010 No 428 997 25 880 No No Yes Unclear
Mukherjee India 2008 2011 No 49 1182 11 809 Unclear Unclear Unclear Unclear
Norval Cambodia 1996 1996 No 150 6876 26 5923 Unclear Unclear Unclear Unclear
Rama Prakasha India 1995 2010 No 68 990 12 388 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Ramos Ethiopia 1998 2007 No 1029 1194 132 514 Yes Unclear Yes Yes
Tagaro Vanuatu 2007 2011 No 136 432 15 185 Yes Unclear Yes Unclear
Wood South Africa 2009 2009 No 3968 25510 194 12117 Unclear Yes Unclear Unclear