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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics, sexual behaviour, obstetric history, genital symptoms and point-of-care test results

From: A novel point-of-care testing strategy for sexually transmitted infections among pregnant women in high-burden settings: results of a feasibility study in Papua New Guinea

   Total ≤24 years ≥25 years p value
N (%) N = 66 (%) N = 59 (%)  
Socio-demographic characteristics
Age, median (IQR:18-41years)   24 years 21 years 30 years  
Province of birth Milne Bay Province 100 (80.0) 54 (81.8) 46 (78.0)  
Other province 25 (20.0) 12 (18.2) 13 (22.0)  
Marital Status Married 108 (86) 51 (77.3) 57 (96.6)  
Single 17 (13.6) 15 (22.7) 2 (3.4) p = 0.002
Level of education (N = 124) Never attended school 4 (3.2) 0 (0) 4 (6.7) p = 0.032
Only primary school 39 (31.2) 18 (27.3) 21 (35.6)  
Secondary school 81 (65.3) 47 (71.2) 34 (57.6)  
Tertiary education 24 (19.2) 9 (13.6) 15 (25.4)  
Obstetric history
Parity (N = 124) Primigravid 59 (47.6) 48 (72.8) 11 (18.6)  
Para 1–3 46 (37.0) 17 (25.8) 29 (49.2) p < 0.0001
Para 4 or more 19 (15.3) 0 (0.0) 19 (32.2) p = 0.008
Previous miscarriage/stillbirth/perinatal/neonatal death (N = 125) 6 (4.8) 3 (4.5) 3 (5.1)  
Estimated gestational age at enrolment based on LMP (N = 107) 12 weeks or less 13 (11.2) 5 (7.6) 8 (13.6)  
13–26 weeks 68 (63.5) 38 (57.6) 30 (50.1)  
27–36 weeks 24 (22.4) 9 (13.7) 15 (25.4)  
More than 36 weeks 2 (1.9) 1 (1.5) 1 (1.7)  
Sexual behaviour
Age at sexual debut, median (IQR: 13–31years) 19 years 18 years 20 years  
Lifetime number of sexual partners (N = 119) 1 partner 37 (31.1) 20 (30.3) 17 (28.8)  
2–3 partners 51 (42.9) 29 (43.9) 22 (37.2)  
4–6 partners 21 (17.6) 11 (16.6) 10 (16.9)  
7 or more partners 10 (8.4) 4 (6.1) 6 (10.2)  
Sexual partners in previous month (N = 124) 0 31 (25.0) 18 (27.3) 13 (22.0)  
1 80 (64.5) 41 (62.1) 39 (66.1)  
2 or more partners 13 (10.5) 6 (9.1) 7 (11.9)  
Number of times had vaginal sex in the last month (N = 122) 0 36 (29.5) 22 (33.3) 14 (23.7)  
1–2 times 28 (23.0) 11 (16.7) 17 (28.8)  
3 times or more 32 (26.2) 17 (25.6) 15 (25.4)  
More than once/unknown 26 (21.3) 15 (22.7) 11 (18.6)  
Condom use last sex (N = 124) Yes 29 (23.4) 12 (18.2) 17 (28.8)  
No 95 (76.6) 54 (81.8) 41 (69.5)  
Ever had sex for gifts/favours/money 31 (24.8) 16 (24.2) 15 (25.4)  
Reported genital symptoms at enrolment
Previous STI/genital infection 28 (22.4) 15 (22.8) 13 (22.0)  
Current genital symptoms Any symptom 34 (27.2) 20 (30.3) 14 (23.7)  
Vaginal dischargea 24 (19.2) 16 (24.2) 8 (13.6)  
Genital sores 1 (0.8) 1 (1.5) 0 (0.0)  
Abdominal paina 8 (6.4) 4 (6.1) 4 (6.8)  
Itchinga 19 (15.2) 10 (15.1) 9 (15.3)  
Other symptomsb 6 (4.8) 4 (6.1) 2 (3.4)  
STI test results
  Any STI 67 (53.6) 42 (63.6) 25 (42.4) p = 0.017
1 STI 39 (31.2) 22 (33.3) 17 (28.8)  
2 or more STIs 28 (22.4) 20 (30.3) 8 (13.6) p = 0.025
HIV 2 (1.6) 2 (3.0) 0 (0.0)  
Active syphilisc 5 (4.0) 3 (4.5) 2 (3,4)  
C. trachomatis (CT) 25 (20) 18 (27.3) 7 (11.9) p = 0.032
N. gonorrhoeae (NG) 14 (11) 12 (18.2) 2 (3.4) p = 0.009
T. vaginalis (TV) 47 (37.6) 31 (47.0) 16 (27.1) p = 0.022
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) 22 (17.6) 11 (16.7) 11 (18.7)  
Genital symptoms and 1 or more STI detected 19 (15.2) 16 (24.3) 3 (5.1) p = 0.002
Genital symptoms but no STI detected 15 (12.0) 4 (6.1) 11 (18.6) p = 0.031
  1. a14 women had multiple symptoms/b discharge, pus, “wetness”/canti-TP+ and RPR+, all titres