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Table 3 Clinical and laboratory characteristics, management and outcome of 226 patients with RSV infection

From: Clinical characterisation and phylogeny of respiratory syncytial virus infection in hospitalised children at Red Cross War Memorial Children’s Hospital, Cape Town

Parameter Number of patients (%)
Presenting symptom  
 Cough 196 (86.7)
 Difficulty in breathing (tight chest) 115 (50.9)
 Fever 91 (41.6)
 Nasal congestion 67 (29.6)
 Runny nose 35 (15.4)
 Vomiting 26 (11.5)
 Wheeze 20 (8.8)
 Apnoea 12 (5.3)
Inflammatory and haematological markers  
 Median CRP (mg/L) 12.3
 Median WCC (x 109/L) 11.1
 Median percent band cell count 8.0
 Median Haemoglobin concentration (g/dL) 11.0
 Median platelet count (x 109/L) 410
Treatment  
 Supplemental oxygen 170 (75.2)
 Bronchodilators 150 (66.4)
Assisted ventilation N = 59 (26.1)
 CPAP 43 (19.0)
 IPPV 16 (7.1)
Antibiotics N = 221 (97.8)
 Intravenous 174 (78.7)
 Oral 47 (21.3)
Presence of co-pathogens 70 (31.1)
Care level N = 89 (39.4)
 ICU 47 (20.8)
 High care 38 (16.8)
 Both ICU and high care 4 (1.8)
Outcome  
 Discharged 170 (75.2)
 Transferred to another hospital 54 (23.9)
 Died 2 (0.9)
  1. CPAP Continuous positive airway pressure, IPPV Intermittent Positive Pressure Ventilation, ICU Intensive care unit, CRP C-reactive protein, WCC White cell count