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Table 2 Characteristics of children with RSV infection by age group

From: Clinical characterisation and phylogeny of respiratory syncytial virus infection in hospitalised children at Red Cross War Memorial Children’s Hospital, Cape Town

  Age group (months)
Parameter 0 – <1 1– < 3 3– < 6 6 – < 24 ≥24 Total
N = 31(%) N = 84(%) N = 45(%) N = 60(%) N = 6(%) N = 226(%)
Gender       
 Male 17(54.8) 46 (54.8) 20 (17.1) 32 (53.3) 2(33.3) 117 (51.8)
 Female 14 (45.2) 38 (45.2) 25 (55.6) 28 (46.7) 4 (66.7) 109 (48.2)
Chest X-ray conclusion       
 Primary end-point consolidation or pleural effusion 9 (29.0) 27 (32.1) 7 (15.6) 11 (18.3) 2 (33.3) 56 (24.8)
 Other consolidation/infiltrate 21 (67.7) 56 (66.7) 36 (80.0) 47 (78.3) 4 (66.7) 164 (72.6)
 No consolidation/infiltrate/effusion 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.7) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.4)
 No X-ray 1 (3.2) 1 (1.2) 2 (4.4) 1 (1.7) 0 (0.0) 5 (2.2)
Weight-for-age Z- score       
  > +2 (overweight) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.2) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.7) 0 (0.0) 2 (0.9)
  + 2 to -2 (appropriate) 22 (71.0) 54 (64.3) 21 (46.7) 33 (55.0) 4 (66.7) 134 (59.3)
  < -2 to -3 (moderately underweight) 4 (12.9) 16 (19.0) 8 (17.8) 12 (20.0) 1 (16.7) 41 (18.1)
  < -3 (severely underweight) 5 (16.1) 13 (15.1) 16 (35.6) 14 (23.3) 1 (16.7) 49 (21.7)
HIV status       
 Unexposed uninfected 21 (67.7) 64 (76.2) 29 (64.4) 45 (76.7) 4 (66.7) 164 (72.6)
 Exposed uninfected 8 (25.8) 18 (21.4) 14 (31.1) 7 (11.7) 0 (0.0) 47 (20.8)
 Infected 1 (3.2) 0 (0.0) 1 (2.2) 1 (1.7) 1 (16.7) 4 (1.8)
 Unknown 1 (3.2) 2 (2.4) 1 (2.2) 6 (10.0) 1 (16.7) 11 (4.8)
Pre-existing conditions other than HIV infection       
 Yes 9 (29.0) 30 (35.7 29 (64.4 39 (65.0 6 (100.0) 113(50)
 No 22 (71.0) 54 (64.3) 16 (35.6) 21 (35.0) 0 (0.0) 113(50)