Skip to main content

Table 1 Patient and infection characteristics

From: Epidemiology and outcome of sepsis in adult patients with Streptococcus pneumoniae infection in a Norwegian county 1993–2011: an observational study

Characteristic N (%)
Patients included 414 (100)
All-cause mortality
 30-days 51 (12.3)
 90-days 69 (16.7)
Sex
 Female 195 (47.1)
 Male 219 (52.9)
Acquisition
 Community-acquired 323 (78.1)
 Healthcare-associated 73 (17.6)
 Hospital-acquired 18 (4.3)
Age category
  < 50 69 (16.7)
 50–69 131 (31.6)
 70–79 104 (25.1)
  ≥ 80 110 (26.6)
Comorbid conditions
 Malignancy 90 (21.7)
 Renal failure 24 (5.8)
 Diabetes mellitus 51 (12.3)
 Hypertension 98 (23.7)
 Coronary heart disease 84 (20.3)
 Heart failure 40 (9.7)
 Chronic pulmonary disease 96 (23.2)
 Cerebral ischemic disease 40 (9.7)
Charlson comorbidity index (CCI)
 0 144 (34.8)
 1–2 190 (45.9)
  ≥ 3 80 (19.3)
Severity of sepsis
 Sepsis without organ failure 267 (64.5)
 Severe sepsis 110 (26.6)
 Septic shock 37 (8.9)
Pitt bacteremia score
 0 126 (30.4)
 1 131 (31.6)
 2 72 (17.4)
  ≥ 3 85 (20.6)
Focus of infection N (%)
 Abdomen 4 (1.0)
 Lower respiratory tract 344 (83.0)
 Upper respiratory tract 11 (2.7)
 Skin/soft tissue/abscess/myositis 13 (3.1)
 Meningitis 26 (6.3)
 Unknown 16 (3.9)
Time period
 1993–2002 134 (32.4)
 2003–2011 280 (67.6)
Management
 Treatment in Intensive Care Unit(ICU) 136 (32.9)
 Treatment with vasopressors 40 (9.6)
 Ventilator treatment 16 (3.9)
 Penicillin-sensitive Streptococcus pneumoniae 397 (97.8)a
  1. aWe had information about 406 isolates of S.pneumoniae