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Table 2 Characteristics of patient encounters prescribed with antibiotics

From: Antibiotic prescribing in public and private practice: a cross-sectional study in primary care clinics in Malaysia

  Public Private Overall  
n = 755 n = 5055 n = 5810 P-valuea
Gender     
 Male 309 (41.4 %) 2584 (51.8 %) 2893 (50.4 %) p = 0.0005
 Female 437 (58.6 %) 2407 (48.2 %) 2844 (49.6 %)  
Age group (year)     
  < 1 26 (3.5 %) 74 (1.5 %) 100 (1.7 %) p = 0.0001
 1–9 159 (21.1 %) 774 (15.4 %) 933 (16.1 %)  
 10–19 127 (16.9 %) 519 (10.3 %) 646 (11.2 %)  
 20–39 231 (30.6 %) 2171 (43.2 %) 2402 (41.6 %)  
 40–59 151 (20.0 %) 1145 (22.8 %) 1296 (22.4 %)  
  ≥ 60 59 (7.9 %) 342 (6.8 %) 401 (7.0 %)  
Education level     
 No formal education 68 (12.4 %) 406 (10.8 %) 474 (11.0 %) p = 0.0036
 Primary 132 (24.3 %) 652 (17.3 %) 784 (18.2 %)  
 Secondary 272 (49.9 %) 1726 (45.9 %) 1998 (46.4 %)  
 Tertiary 73 (13.4 %) 975 (25.9 %) 1048 (24.4 %)  
Income level (MYR, per month)     
 No income 324 (52.3 %) 1250 (32.5 %) 1574 (35.3 %) p < 0.001
 Less than 400 12 (2.0 %) 7 (0.2 %) 19 (0.4 %)  
 400–999 63 (10.2 %) 259 (6.7 %) 322 (7.2 %)  
 1000–1999 110 (17.8 %) 789 (20.5 %) 899 (20.1 %)  
 2000–2999 56 (9.0 %) 697 (18.1 %) 753 (16.9 %)  
 3000–3999 36 (5.8 %) 412 (10.7 %) 448 (10.0 %)  
 4000–4999 10 (1.6 %) 199 (5.2 %) 209 (4.7 %)  
 5000 and above 8 (1.4 %) 232 (6.0 %) 240 (5.4 %)  
  1. Subtotal might not sum up to the total count because of missing values
  2. aP-value from Chi-square test for comparison between public and private clinics, p < 0.05 considered as statistically significant