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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of participants. Values are numbers (percentages)

From: Advanced HIV disease at presentation to care in Nairobi, Kenya: late diagnosis or delayed linkage to care?—a cross-sectional study

Variable Non-advanced HIV at presentation to care (n = 505) Advanced HIV at presentation to care (n = 248)
Sex   
 Male 183 (61.4) 115 (38.6)
 Female 322 (70.8) 133 (29.2)
Age (years)   
 Mean (SD) 32 (9.22) 37 (10.26)
 <30 227 (79.9) 57 (20.1)
 30–39 178 (62.9) 105 (37.1)
 40–49 71 (57.7) 52 (42.3)
 ≥50 29 (46.0) 34 (54.0)
Education   
 No secondary school 327 (64.9) 177 (35.1)
 Some secondary school 178 (71.5) 71 (28.5)
Clinic   
 Kibera 364 (68.4) 168 (31.6)
 Baba Dogo 141 (63.8) 80 (36.2)
CD4   
 Median (IQR) (cells/μL) 389 (298–545) 90 (42–147)
 ≤350 210 (46.0) 247 (54.0)
 >350 295 (99.7) 1 (0.3)
WHO Stage   
 1 356 (78.1) 100 (21.9)
 2 72 (63.7) 41 (36.3)
 3 57 (39.9) 86 (60.1)
 4 0 (0.0) 8 (100.0)
 Missing 20 (60.6) 13 (39.4)
Previous HIV diagnosis   
 No 199 (66.1) 102 (33.9)
 Yes 306 (67.7) 146 (32.3)
Travel time to clinic   
 <30 min 236 (63.6) 118 (36.4)
 30–59 min 219 (70.9) 90 (29.1)
 ≥60 min 77 (67.5) 37 (32.5)
 Missing 3 (50.0) 3 (50.0)
Alcohol use   
 Non-heavy/hazardous drinking 356 (67.3) 173 (32.7)
 Heavy/hazardous drinking 149 (66.5) 75 (33.5)
Illicit drug use   
 Not a current drug user 469 (66.4) 237 (33.6)
 Current drug user 36 (76.6) 11 (23.4)
  1. Abbreviations: SD standard deviation, IQR interquartile range