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Table 2 Crude odds ratio (OR), age-adjusted OR (aOR) on associations between detected pathogens and diarrhoea, sorted by number of cases

From: Application of a multiplex PCR assay for the detection of gastrointestinal pathogens in a rural African setting

Pathogena Cases (n = 443) Controls (n = 239) Negative PCR-result Crude OR aOR
Escherichia coli LT/ST (ETEC) 247 (55.8) 144 (60.3) 291 0.8 (0.6–1.2) 0.9 (0.6–1.2)
Giardia lamblia 228 (51.5) 125 (52.3) 329 0.9 (0.7–1.3) 1.0 (0.7–1.3)
Shigella spp. 185 (41.8) 76 (32.6) 421 1.5 (1.1–2.2) 1.7 (1.2–2.4)
Campylobacter spp. 153 (34.5) 78 (32.6) 451 1.1 (0.8–1.5) 1.1 (0.8–1.6)
Rotavirus 64 (14.5) 5 (2.1) 613 7.9 (3.1–25.5) 7.2 (2.9–18.1)
Escherichia coli O157 59 (13.3) 37 (15.5) 586 0.7 (0.5–1.2) 0.8 (0.5–1.2)
Norovirus 55 (12.4) 11 (4.5) 616 2.9 (1.5–6.3) 2.7 (1.4–5.3)
Salmonella spp. 53 (12.0) 37 (15.5) 592 0.8 (0.5–1.3) 0.8 (0.5–1.3)
Cryptosporidium spp. 33 (7.5) 12 (5.0) 637 1.5 (0.7–3.3) 1.4 (0.7–2.9)
Adenovirus (41/41) 17 (3.8) 14 (5.9) 651 0.6 (0.3–1.4) 0.6 (0.3–1.3)
Escherichia coli STEC 9 (3.7) 12 (2.7) 661 0.7 (0.3–1.9) 0.7 (0.3–1.8)
Clostridium diffcile toxin A,B 2 (0.5) 2 (0.8) 678 - -
Entamoaba histolytica 1 (0.2) 2 (0.8) 679 - -
  1. a Vibrio cholerae and Yersinia enterocolitica were not detected in any sample
  2. OR odds ratio, aOR age adjusted odds ratio