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Table 1 Prevalence of reported Foodborne Diseases by demographic characteristics of study population: 2009–2013

From: Trends of reported foodborne diseases at the Ridge Hospital, Accra, Ghana: a retrospective review of routine data from 2009-2013

Characteristics of patients 2009 (N = 118) 2010 (N = 22) 2011 (N = 608) 2012 (N = 498) 2013 (N = 345)
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Sex X2 = 0.57 X2 = 4.05 X2 = 11.32 X2 = 38.56 X2 = 5.36
P = 0.901 P = 0.256 P = 0.010 P < 0.001 P = 0.373
 Male 55 (46.6) 12 (54.5) 364 (59.9) 285 (57.2) 154 (44.6)
 Female 63 (53.4) 10 (45.5) 244 (40.1) 213 (42.8) 191 (55.4)
Age (years) X2 = 22.34 X2 = 14.09 X2 = 20.78 X2 = 69.30 X2 = 61.09
P = 0.099 P = 0.519 P = 0.144 P < 0.001 P < 0.001
 <5 11 (9.3) 1 (4.5) 14 ( 6.3) 16 (3.2) 47 (13.6)
 5-14 19 (16.1) 2 (9.1) 42 (15.2) 28 (5.6) 35 (10.1)
 15-24 28 (23.7) 4 (18.2) 191 (53.8) 174 (34.9) 84 (24.3)
 25-34 20 (17.0) 4 (18.2) 171 (16.0) 130 (26.1) 71 (20.6)
 35-44 15 (13.6) 8 (36.4) 96 (13.7) 72 (14.5) 44 (12.8)
 >45 24 (20.3) 3 (13.6) 94 (10.9) 78 (15.7) 64 (18.6)
Place of residence X2 = 52.22 X2 = 15.09 X2 = 34.01 X2 = 57.64 X2 = 46.53
P = 0.039 P = 0.655 P = 0.419 P = 0.562 P = 0.899
 Nima 7 (5.9) 3 (13.6) 93 (15.3) 72 (14.4) 39 (11.3)
 Maamobi 4 (3.4) 5 (22.7) 14 (2.3) 37 (7.4) 17 (4.9)
 Kanda 1 (0.8) 0 (0) 12 (2.0) 17 (3.4) 20 (5.8)
 Accra Newtown 6 (5.1) 2 (9.1) 11 (1.8) 29 (5.8) 19 (5.5)
 Kotobabi 1 (0.8) 0 (0) 13 (2.1) 12 (2.4) 2 (0.6)
 Osu 14 (11.9) 2 (9.1) 19 (3.1) 15 (3.0) 14 (4.1)
 La 7 (5.9) 0 (0) 12 (2.0) 10 (2.0) 8 (2.3)
 Adabraka 28 (23.7) 2 (9.1) 229 (37.7) 88 (17.7) 78 (22.6)
 Airport residential 2 (1.7) 0 (0) 0 (0) 10 (2.0) 4 (1.2)
 Legon 2 (1.7) 0 (0) 5 (0.8) 14 (2.8) 3 (0.9)
 Achimota 4 (3.4) 0 (0) 6 (1.0) 7 (1.4) 10 (2.9)
 Central Accra. 9 (7.6) 3 (13.6) 10 (1.6) 26 (5.2) 25 (7.2)
 Others 33 (28.0) 5 (22.7) 184 (30.3) 161 (32.3) 106 (30.7)