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Table 2 Comparisons of clinical features between patients with and without diarrhoea

From: Enterovirus-related diarrhoea in Guangdong, China: clinical features and implications in hand, foot and mouth disease and herpangina

Characteristics Diarrhoea (%) (n = 28) No diarrhoea (%) (n = 776) P
Demographic
 Diarrhoea (months) 18.3 ± 21.2 29.1 ± 17.6 0.015
 Male-to-female ratio 1.55:1 2.00:1 0.506
Fever ≥ 39 °C 16 (57.1) 459 (59.1) 0.832
Fever duration ≥ 3 days 20 (71.4) 446 (57.5) 0.142
Elevated ALT 4 (14.3) 23/675 (3.4) 0.019
Elevated myocardial enzyme 6 (21.4) 30/703 (6.1) 0.002
Convulsion 6 (21.4) 56 (7.2) 0.016
Altered consciousness 4 (14.3) 65 (8.5) 0.291
Severe CNS involvement 4 (14.3) 86 (11.1) 0.543
CNS involvement 12 (42.9) 233 (30.0) 0.147
Severe ARI 5 (17.9) 99 (12.8) 0.393
ARI 11 (39.3) 244 (31.4) 0.410
MODS 3 (10.7) 3 (0.40) 0.001
Paralysis 0 (0.0) 28 (3.6) 0.619
Mortality 2 (7.1) 12 (1.5) 0.082
Duration of hospitalization (days) 6.0 ± 2.7 6.3 ± 4.2 0.792
  1. Note. ALT alanine aminotransferase, ARI acute respiratory infection, CNS central nervous system, MODS multi-organ dysfunction syndrome