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Table 4 Multiple logistic regression to identify the factors associated with TB disease among the hill tribe HIV/AIDS

From: A 20-year retrospective cohort study of TB infection among the Hill-tribe HIV/AIDS populations, Thailand

Factors TB ORadj (95 % CI) p-value
Yes (%) No (%)
Trible group     
 Akha 955 (66.3) 486 (33.7) 1.50 (1.01-1.92) 0.041*
 Karen 200 (73.8) 71 (26.2) 1.11 (0.72-1.71) 0.635
 Kmong 157 (71.0) 64 (29.0) 1.59 (1.01-2.53) 0.055
 Lahu 447 (72.4) 170 (27.6) 0.91 (0.64-1.30) 0.619
 Lisu 190 (67.4) 92 (32.6) 1.17 (0.78-1.76) 0.439
 Yao 221 (74.2) 77 (25.8) 1.00  
Sex     
 Male 1,244 (72.7) 466 (27.3) 1.00  
 Female 926 (65.2) 494 (34.8) 1.33 (1.11-1.59) 0.002*
Diagnosis     
 Asymptomatic 353 (94.6) 20 (5.4) 1.00  
 HIV 1,220 (59.2) 840 (40.8) 11.59 (7.19-18.71) <0.001*
 AIDS 597 (85.7) 100 (14.3) 1.71 (1.03-2.87) 0.040*
ARV     
 No 585 (82.3) 184 (17.7) 2.59 (2.09-3.22) <0.001*
 Yes 1,312 (62.8) 776 (37.2) 1.00  
Year of diagnosis     
 1990 - 1995 151 (98.1) 3 (1.9) 0.04 (0.01-0.14) <0.001*
 1996 - 2000 524 (95.6) 24 (4.4) 0.11 (0.07-0.17) <0.001*
 2001 - 2005 823 (59.9) 511 (40.1) 1.39 (1.15-1.68) 0.001*
 2006 - 2010 672 (63.8) 382 (36.2) 1.00  
  1. *Significance level at p-value < 0.05