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Table 2 Comparison between TB-HIV and non TB-HIV patients

From: A 20-year retrospective cohort study of TB infection among the Hill-tribe HIV/AIDS populations, Thailand

Characteristics TB χ2-test p-value
No (%) Yes (%)
Tribal group     
 Akha 955 (66.3) 486 (33.7) 15.780 0.008*
 Karen 200 (73.8) 71 (26.2)   
 Kmong 157 (71.0) 64 (29.0)   
 Lahu 447 (72.4) 170 (27.6)   
 Lisu 190 (67.4) 92 (32.6)   
 Yao 221 (74.2) 77 (25.8)   
Route of transmission     
 Sexual intercourse 1,975 (68.9) 893 (31.1) 7.727 0.026*
 Mother to child 185 (75.8) 59 (24.2)   
 IDU 9 (52.9) 8 (47.1)   
Survival status     
 Alive 859 (82.4) 184 (17.6) 124.888 <0.001*
 Dead 1,311(62.8) 776 (37.2)   
Sex     
 Male 1,244 (72.7) 466 (27.3) 20.727 <0.001*
 Female 926 (65.2) 494 (34.8)   
Age (year)     
 <15 184 (80.0) 46 (20.0) 51.263 <0.001*
 16-25 345 (77.0) 103 (23.0)   
 26-35 955 (68.4) 441 (31.6)   
 36-45 494 (62.5) 296 (37.5)   
 46-55 133 (67.5) 64 (32.5)   
 >56 59 (85.5) 10 (14.5)   
Occupation     
 Agriculture 1,067(76.1) 336 (23.9) 106.869 <0.001*
 Temporary employee 594 (59.7) 413 (41.0)   
 Trader 32 (56.1) 25 (43.9)   
 Housewife 79 (80.6) 19 (19.4)   
 Children (<7 years) 93 (85.3) 16 (14.7)   
 Students (7 > University) 73 (70.2) 31 (29.8)   
 Unemployed 62 (69.7) 27 (30.3)   
 Others 170 (64.6) 94 (35.4)   
Diagnosis     
 Asymptomatic 353 (94.6) 20 (5.4) 298.643 <0.001*
 HIV 1,220 (59.2) 840 (40.8)   
 AIDS 597 (85.7) 100 (14.3)   
 ARV     
 Yes 1,312 (62.8) 776 (37.2) 124.384 <0.001
 No 858 (82.3) 184 (17.7)   
  1. *Significance level at p-value < 0.05