Skip to main content

Table 3 Hazard ratios of dropout per variables for variables that predicted dropout

From: Predictors of dropout from care among HIV-infected patients initiating antiretroviral therapy at a public sector HIV treatment clinic in sub-Saharan Africa

  Unadjusted analysis Adjusted analysis
Variable HR (95 % CI) P AHRa (95 % CI) P
Age     
 16–28 1.3 (1.2–1.5) <0.001 1.4 (1.2–1.6) 0.001
 29–33 0.97 (0.83–1.1) 0.722 1.0 (0.685–1.2) 0.916
 34–40 0.98 (0.84–1.1) 0.769 0.95 (0.80–1.1) 0.573
 41–83 Ref. Ref Ref. -
Sex     
 Female Ref.   Ref. -
 Male 1.2 (1.1–1.4) <0.001 1.4 (1.2–1.6) <0.001
Marital status     
 Separated 1.4 (1.2–1.7) <0.001 1.3 (1.1–1.5) 0.007
 Divorced 1.4 (1.1–1.8) 0.005 1.3 (1.1–1.7) 0.017
 Widowed 1.2 (0.90–1.3) 0.515 1.1 (0.88–1.3) 0.561
 Single 1.6 (1.3–1.9) <0.001 1.3 (1.1–1.6) 0.012
 Married Ref. - Ref. -
Year of ART initiation     
 2008 1.8 (1.5–2.0) <0.001 1.6 (1.4–1.9) <0.001
 2009 1.6 (1.4–1.9) <0.001 1.4 (1.2–1.7) <0.001
 2010 1.2 (1.0–1.5) 0.025 1.0 (0.82–1.2) 0.963
 2011 Ref. - Ref. -
Tuberculosis, history of 1.6 (1.4–2.0) <0.001 1.4 (1.2–1.7) <0.001
Kaposi’s sarcoma 4.3 (3.3–5.7) <0.001 3.3 (2.5–4.5) <0.001
Cryptococcosis, history of 2.4 (1.7–3.4) <0.001 2.2 (1.4–3.3) <0.001
Oral candidiasis 1.3 (1.1–1.5) <0.001 - -
Chronic diarrhea 1.3 (1.2–1.6) <0.001 1.3 (1.1–1.5) 0.008
Weight loss ≥10 % 1.8 (1.6–2.1) <0.001 1.5 (1.2–1.8) <0.001
HIV-associated dementia 2.0 (1.2–12.8) 0.008 2.6 (1.5–4.6) 0.001
CD4+ T cell count     
 <100 (cells/μL) 1.9 (1.5–2.4) <0.001 - -
 100-199 1.2 (0.96–1.5) 0.107 - -
 200-349 1.0 (0.83–1.3) 0.768 - -
 ≥350 Ref. - - -
Hemoglobin concentration     
 ≤11.0 (g/dl) 2.0 (1.7–2.4) <0.001 1.9 (1.6–2.2) <0.001
 11.1–12.4 1.4 (1.2–1.6) <0.001 1.4 (1.1–1.6) 0.002
 12.5–13.7 1.1 (0.91–1.3) 0.411 1.1 (0.94–1.4) 0.171
 ≥13.8 Ref. - Ref. -
Platelet counts     
 ≤155 (cells/μL) 1.2 (1.0–1.4) 0.017 - -
 156–208 0.99 (0.84–1.2) 0.865 - -
 209–267 Ref. - - -
 268–720 1.1 (0.93–1.3) 0.301 - -
Total lymphocyte count     
 ≤1.12 (x 103 cells/μL) 1.6 (1.4–1.9) <0.001 1.4 (1.2–1.7) <0.001
 1.13–1.6 1.3 (1.1–1.5) 0.003 1.2 (1.0–1.4) 0.048
 1.61–2.0 Ref. - Ref. -
 ≥2.01 1.3 (1.1–1.5) 0.001 1.1 (0.94–1.4) 0.171
  1. HR hazard ratio, AHR adjusted hazard ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. aFor the variables that remained in the final adjusted model