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Table 1 Demographic characteristics, contact history and risk factors related to gender in CM patients

From: Gender-specific contributing risk factors and outcome of female cryptococcal meningoencephalitis patients

  Male (n = 77) Female (n = 31) P
Demographic characteristics    
 Age (years), mean ± SD 38.95 ± 18.32 33.55 ± 15.65 0.15
 Contact history, no. (%) 3 (3.9) 2 (1.4) 0.624
Risk factors
 Use of corticosteroids and/or immunosuppressants, no. (%) 9 (11.7) 10 (32.3) 0.011*
 History of SLE or other autoimmune diseases, no. (%) 3 (3.9) 9 (29) <0.001*
 History of kidney diseasesa, no. (%) 1 (1.3) 3 (9.7) 0.07
 History of hematopathy, no. (%) 2 (2.6) 0 (0) 0.506
 History of DM, no. (%) 4 (5.2) 1 (3.2) 0.554
 History of TB, no. (%) 5 (6.5) 1 (3.2) 0.444
 History of other diseasesb, no. (%) 2 (2.6) 3 (9.7) 0.145
 History of malignant cancer, no. (%) 1 (1.3) 0 (0) 0.713
 History of organ transplantation, no. (%) 1 (1.3) 0 (0) 0.713
  1. * P < 0.05
  2. aKidney diseases included renal failure 2 cases and RPGN 1 case
  3. bOther diseases included hyperthyroidism 1 case, pregnant 1 case and gastric ulcer 1 case