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Table 3 Multivariable logistic regression to determine the association of the PITC intervention with HIV testing rate and HIV case finding in the outpatient department of 6 health facilities (upper panel) and in the outpatient and voluntary counseling and testing departments combined of the same 6 health facilities (lower panel); Rwanda, 2009-2010

From: Does provider-initiated HIV testing and counselling lead to higher HIV testing rate and HIV case finding in Rwandan clinics?

  HIV testing rate HIV case finding
OPD only n/N (%) aOR (95 % CI) P n/N (%) aOR (95 % CI) P
Study phase
 Phase 1 1,234/26,367 (4.7 %) 1   <0.001 67/26,367 (0.25 %) 1   <0.001
 Phase 3 5,065/29,864 (17 %) 4.57 (4.26-4.90)   136/29,864 (0.46 %) 1.97 (1.41-2.76)  
Study site
 Ruhengeri 807/9,088 (8.9 %) 1   <0.001 19/9,088 (0.21 %) 1   <0.001
 Muhoza 1,732/18,892 (9.2 %) 1.18 (1.08-1.30)   53/18,892 (0.28 %) 1.87 (1.06-3.31)  
 Kibagabaga 553/5,596 (9.9 %) 0.79 (0.69-0.89)   41/5,596 (0.73 %) 3.10 (1.69-5.68)  
 Kinyinya 345/6,072 (5.7 %) 0.55 (0.48-0.63)   25/6,072 (0.41 %) 2.32 (1.24-4.35)  
 Kimironko 992/10,659 (9.3 %) 0.97 (0.88-1.08)   52/10,659 (0.49 %) 3.13 (1.78-5.51)  
 Rwaza 1,870/5,924 (31.6 %) 4.65 (4.21-5.13)   13/5,924 (0.22 %) 1.19 (0.57-2.49)  
Sex
 Females 3,685/34,610 (10.7 %) 1   <0.001 111/34,610 (0.32 %) 1   0.078
 Males 2,597/21,035 (12.4 %) 1.19 (1.13-1.26)   92/21,035 (0.44 %) 1.30 (0.98-1.73)  
Age group (years)
 15 - 24 2,275/19,643 (11.6 %) 1   <0.001 35/19,643 (0.18 %) 1   <0.001
 25 - 34 1,732/16,687 (10.4 %) 0.93 (0.87-1.00)   65/16,687 (0.39 %) 2.09 (1.38-3.16)  
 35 - 44 863/7,648 (11.3 %) 0.92 (0.84-1.01)   48/7,648 (0.63 %) 3.73 (2.41-5.78)  
 ≥45 1,270/11,470 (11.1 %) 0.77 (0.71-0.83)   42/11,470 (0.37 %) 2.38 (1.52-3.71)  
OPD & VCT combined n/N (%) aOR (95 % CI) P n/N (%) aOR (95 % CI) P
Study phase
 Phase 1 5,779/30,914 (18.7 %) 1   <0.001 311/30,914 (1.01 %) 1   <0.001
 Phase 3 8,442/33,242 (25.4 %) 1.67 1.60-1.73   348/33,242 (1.05 %) 1.09 0.93-1.28  
Study site
 Ruhengeri 807/9,088 (8.9 %) 1   <0.001 19/9,088 (0.21 %) 1   <0.001
 Muhoza 6,673/23,833 (28.0 %) 3.95 3.65-4.28   270/23,833 (1.13 %) 6.26 3.78-10.38  
 Kibagabaga 959/6,004 (16.0 %) 1.49 1.34-1.66   104/6,004 (1.73 %) 8.27 4.87-14.06  
 Kinyinya 1,223/6,950 (17.6 %) 1.91 1.73-2.10   94/6,950 (1.35 %) 7.22 4.25-12.28  
 Kimironko 1,763/11,431 (15.4 %) 1.58 1.44-1.73   153/11,431 (1.34 %) 7.39 4.41-12.38  
 Rwaza 2,796/6,850 (40.8 %) 7.04 6.43-7.70   19/6,850 (0.28 %) 1.57 0.81-3.06  
Sex         0.417
 Females 8,242/39,170 (21.0 %) 1   <0.001 413/39,170 (1.05 %) 1   
 Males 5,959/24,397 (24.4 %) 1.34 1.29-1.39   246/24,397 (1.01 %) 0.93 0.80-1.10  
Age group (years)
 15 - 24 5,498/22,867 (24.0 %) 1   <0.001 157/22,867 (0.69 %) 1   <0.001
 25 - 34 4,728/19,685 (24.0 %) 1.11 1.06-1.16   270/19,685 (1.37 %) 2.02 1.65-2.46  
 35 - 44 1,887/8,672 (21.8 %) 0.91 0.85-0.96   128/8,672 (1.48 %) 2.42 1.91-3.06  
 ≥45 1,933/12,133 (15.9 %) 0.54 0.51-0.58   90/12,133 (0.74 %) 1.34 1.03-1.73  
  1. Abbreviations: aOR adjusted Odds ratio, CI confidence interval, OPD outpatient department, VCT voluntary counselling and testing
  2. Upper panel, OPD only data; information on age was missing from 783 attendees and information on sex from 586 attendees
  3. Lower panel, OPD & VCT data combined: information on age was missing from 799 attendees and information on sex from 589 attendees
  4. Adjusted odds ratios are adjusted for the other variables in the Table