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Table 1 Characteristics of health facilities included in the PITC study, Rwanda 2009-10

From: Does provider-initiated HIV testing and counselling lead to higher HIV testing rate and HIV case finding in Rwandan clinics?

Study site Province Level of urbanization Type Total attendeesa Interventionb Remarks
Rwaza Northern Rural Health center 7,147 Option 1 HF staff started some form of PITC already prior to phase 1
Kinyinya Kigali City Urban Health center 7,964 Option 1  
Ruhengeri Northern Semi-urban Hospital 9,191 Option 2 No VCT department at this HF; clients were referred to Muhoza
Muhoza Northern Semi-urban Health center 26,125 Option 2 HF located next to Ruhengeri hospital (500 m).
Kibagabaga Kigali City Urban Hospital 6,771 Option 3 This hospital was affected by managerial changes during phase 3
Kimironko Kigali City Urban Health center 13,135 Option 3  
Gasiza (c) Northern Rural Health center 7,535 Control  
Kabuye (c) Kigali City Semi-urban Health center 6,980 Control Staff initiated some form of PITC during phase 3 on their own initiative.
  1. aTotal attendees: people that sought health services in all departments (Antenatal Care, Family Planning, Out-patients department, Tuberculosis department, Voluntary counseling and testing) at the study sites during the study periods, March-May 2009 and December 2009-February 2010
  2. bOption 1 involved a rapid test by the health care worker (HCW) using a finger-prick blood sample in the consultation department. Option 2 involved a test on a venous blood sample drawn by the HCW and sent to the laboratory for rapid testing. Option 3 involved the HCW offering the test, and upon consent sending the attendee to the laboratory for a venous blood draw and rapid testing. In all options, HCWs provided post-test counseling
  3. Abbreviations: HF Health Facility, PITC Provider Initiated testing and Counseling, VCT Voluntary Counseling and testing