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Table 2 Comparison of signs, symptoms and vital signs among patients with severe leptospirosis admitted to ICU and ward

From: Risk factors for intensive care unit admission in patients with severe leptospirosis: a comparative study according to patients’ severity

  ICU (N = 48) Ward (N = 123) p
Signs and symptoms
 Choluria 7 (16.6 %) 54 (44.7 %) 0.001
 Crackles 1 (2.1 %) 15 (13 %) 0.043
 Diarrhea 12 (25 %) 52 (42.3 %) 0.855
 Dyspnea 18 (37.5 %) 33 (27.6 %) 0.287
 Fever 33 (68.8 %) 115 (94.3 %) <0.0001
 Hematemesis 7 (14.6 %) 7 (5.7 %) 0.068
 Hematuria 3 (8.3 %) 8 (7.3 %) 0.759
 Hemoptysis 8 (16.7 %) 9 (8.1 %) 0.625
 Jaundice 30 (64.5 %) 87 (71.5 %) 0.998
 Myalgia 27 (58.3 %) 104 (84.6 %) <0.0001
 Oliguria 10 (22.9 %) 32 (26.8 %) 0.699
 Conjunctival suffusion 4 (10.4 %) 22 (17.9 %) 0.305
 Tachypnea 15 (33.3 %) 15 (13 %) 0.004
Vital signs
 SBP (mmHg) 106.28 ± 27 115.17 ± 18 0.018
 DBP (mmHg) 64.53 ± 18.7 71.3 ± 14.8 0.18
 HR (/min) 105.03 ± 19.5 94.7 ± 19.05 0.008
 RR (/min) 31.8 ± 13 25 ± 8.78 0.004
  1. SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, HR Heart Rate, RR Respiratory Rate. Pearson’s Chi-squared test, T-Student test and Mann–Whitney test were used. P values ≤ 0.05 were considered statistically significant