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Table 2 Summary of the co-infecting respiratory pathogens (viruses and bacteria) detected in FLUA and B cases

From: Clinical features of children hospitalized with influenza A and B infections during the 2012–2013 influenza season in Italy

Influenza virus Respiratory pathogens Number (%)
FLUA (H1N1)   N/14
  Adenovirus 3 (21.43)
  Coronavirus 229E 2 (14.29)
  Parainfuenza virus 3 1 (7.14)
  Rhinovirus 1 (7.14)
  Respiratory Syncytial Virus B 2 (14.29)
  Bocavirus 1 (7.14)
  Respiratory Syncytial Virus A- Coronavirus OC43 1 (7.14)
  Haemophylus influenzae 2 (14.29)
  Pseudomonas aeruginosa 1 (7.14)
FLUA (H3N2)   N/4
  Coronavirus 229E 1 (25)
  Coronavirus 229E- Rhinovirus 1 (25)
  Pseudomonas aeruginosa 1 (25)
  Branhamella catarrhalis- Haemophylus influenzae- Staphylococcus aureus 1 (25)
FLUB Yamagata/16/88 lineage   N/11
  Coronavirus OC43 1 (9.09)
  Coronavirus 229E 1 (9.09)
  Metapneumovirus 1 (9.09)
  Rhinovirus 1 (9.09)
  Respiratory Syncytial Virus A 2 (18.19)
  Respiratory Syncytial Virus A- Adenovirus 1 (9.09)
  Bordetella pertussis 1 (9.09)
  Branhamella catarrhalis 1 (9.09)
  Haemophylus influenzae- Staphylococcus aureus 1 (9.09)
  Streptococcus pyogenes 1 (9.09)