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Table 1 Selected results of laboratory testing at admission and of lumbar puncture, respectively

From: Community-acquired adult Escherichia coli meningitis leading to diagnosis of unrecognized retropharyngeal abscess and cervical spondylodiscitis: a case report

Parameter (unit) Normal range Patient’s result
Blood leucocytes (10^3/μl) 4.0–9.0 33.5
 Blood neutrophil granulocytes (%) 50–70 90, with a left shift
 Blood lymphocytes (%) 25–40 3
 Blood monocytes (%) 2–14 5
Blood erythrocytes (10^6/μl) 4.0–5.5 5.1
Blood thrombocytes (10^3/μl) 150–400 292
Serum C-reactive protein (mg/l) 0.0–5.0 163.9
Serum procalcitonin (ng/ml) 0.05–0.24 0.29
Serum creatine kinase (U/l) 0–190 63
Serum lactate dehydrogenase (U/l) 0–249 423
Serum alanine transaminase (U/l) 12–78 156
Serum aspartate transaminase (U/l) 0–35 38
Serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (U/l) 0–55 160
Serum total bilirubin (mg/dl) 0.0–1.0 1.84
Serum lipase (U/l) 73–393 303
Serum total protein (g/dl) 6.6–8.7 7.0
Blood glucose (mg/dl) 60–120 95
Serum creatinine (mg/dl) 0.5–1.1 0.7
Serum sodium (mval/l) 136–145 129
Serum potassium (mval/l) 3.5–5.1 4.3
Liquor leucocytes (/μl) 0–5 1,657
 Liquor neutrophil granulocytes (%) 0–4 53.1
 Liquor lymphocytes (%) 48–72 3.9
 Liquor monocytes (%) 15–45 41.8
Liquor protein (mg/dl) 15–35 204.5
Liquor glucose (mg/dl) 25–60 0
Liquor lactate (mmol/l) 0.6–2.2 13.2